Lexical semantics has become a major research area within computational linguistics, drawing from psycholinguistics, knowledge representation, computer algorithms and architecture. Research programmes whose goal is the definition of large lexicons are asking what the appropriate representation structure is for different facets of lexical information. Among these facets, semantic information is probably the most complex and the least explored. Computational Lexical Semantics is one of the first volumes to provide models for the creation of various kinds of computerized lexicons for the automatic treatment of natural language, with applications to machine translation, automatic indexing, and database front-ends, knowledge extraction, among other things. It focuses on semantic issues, as seen by linguists, psychologists and computer scientists. Besides describing academic research, it also covers ongoing industrial projects.
"...supplies a fascinating snapshot of the state-of-the-art in the early 1990s." Paul Deane, Computational Linguistics
An introduction to lexical semantics from a linguistic and a psycho-linguistics perspective Patrick Saint-Dizier and Evelyn Viegas 1. Polysemy and related phenomena from a cognitive linguistic viewpoint Alan Cruse 2. Mental lexicon and machine lexicon: which properties are shared by machine and mental word representations? Which are not? Jean Francois Le Ny 3. Linguistic constraints on coercion James Pustejovsky 4. From lexical semantics to text analysis Sabine Bergler 5. Lexical functions, generative lexicons and the world Dirk Heyle 6. Semantic feature in generic lexicon Gabriel Bes and Alain Lecomte 7. Lexical semantics and terminological knowledge representation Gerritt Burkert 8. Word meaning between lexical and conceptual structure Peter Gerstl 9. The representation of group denoting nouns in a lexical knowledge base Ann Copestake 10. A preliminary lexical and conceptual analysis of BREAK: a computational perspective Martha Palmer and Alain Polguere 11. Large neural networks for the resolution of lexical ambiguity Jean Veronis and Nancy Ide 12. Blocking Ted Briscoe, Ann Copestake and Alex Lascarides 13. A non-monotonic approach to lexical semantics Daniel Kayser and Hocine Abir 14. Inheriting polysemy Adam Kilgarriff 15. Lexical semantics: dictionary or encyclopedia? Pierre Zweigenbaum and Marc Cavazza 16. Lexical functions of explanatory combinatorial dictionary for lexicalization in text generation Guy Lapalme, Margarita Alonso and Agnes Tutin 17. A lexical-semantic solution to the divergence problem in machine translation Bonnie Dorr 18. Introducing LexLog Jacques Jayez 19. Constraint propagation techniques for lexical semantics descriptions Patrick Saint-Dizier