LINGUIST List 16.593

Tue Mar 01 2005

Diss: Syntax/Semantics: Ticio: 'On the Structure ...'

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        1.    M. Emma Ticio, On the Structure of DPs


Message 1: On the Structure of DPs

Date: 27-Feb-2005
From: M. Emma Ticio <mticiouh.edu>
Subject: On the Structure of DPs


Institution: University of Connecticut
Program: Department of Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2003

Author: M. Emma Ticio

Dissertation Title: On the Structure of DPs

Linguistic Field(s): Semantics
                            Syntax

Subject Language(s): Spanish (SPN)

Dissertation Director:
Sigrid Beck
Zeljko Boskovic
Howard Lasnik
Juan Uriagereka

Dissertation Abstract:

This dissertation provides a syntactic analysis for Spanish Determiner
Phrases (DPs) within a Minimalist framework (Chomsky (1995)). The
dissertation investigates extraction, cliticization, ellipsis, and
modification of DPs in order to determine their internal structure. The
dissertation pursues Abney's (1987) DP-hypothesis and assumes an extension
of Grohmann's (2000) division of clause structure into three domains to
account for the structure and properties of Spanish DPs. The properties of
Adjectives and Noun Phrase ellipsis in Spanish DPs test the empirical
adequacy of the analysis.

Chapter 2 is a study of the structural relations among the elements within DP
and of the possibilities of extraction from DPs. The resulting analysis
derives the different possibilities of extraction observed in Spanish DPs
from the locality and antilocality conditions on movement. The differences
among non-specific DPs, specific DPs, and certain definite DPs with respect
to extraction result from the presence or absence of DP projections in the
relevant structure.

Chapter 3 investigates the properties of Spanish Adjectives. It is argued that
there are two positions for Adjectives in Spanish DPs, depending on their
semantic properties: Prenominal Adjectives, which do not affect the
extension of the Noun, are generated in the Specifier of Noun Phrase (NP);
while Postnominal Adjectives, which affect the extension of the Noun, are
adjoined to NP. Relational Adjectives are treated as arguments under this
analysis. This division of adjectives is shown to provide a principled
account of a number of properties of adjectives, including adjective
placement and different meanings of Adjectives, differences in NP-ellipsis
with Adjectives, and lo-cliticization in the presence of Adjectives.
Furthermore, the analysis in chapter 3 establishes several previously
unobserved cross-linguistic generalizations and relations, and provides
empirical evidence for the distinction between adjuncts and Specifiers in
the theory of grammar.

Chapter 4 provides an analysis for nominal ellipsis in Spanish. The analysis
presented is based on two main assumptions: First, NP-Ellipsis is a
PF-deletion process; and, second, it applies after certain stylistic
operations have been applied. These two assumptions, combined with the
clitic-like character of the definite article in Spanish, are shown to
account for NP-ellipsis in Spanish.



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