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LINGUIST List 17.1098

Tue Apr 11 2006

Books: Applied Ling/Typology: Elšik, Matras

Editor for this issue: Maria Moreno-Rollins <marialinguistlist.org>

Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
        1.    Julia Ulrich, Markedness and Language Change: Elšik, Matras

Message 1: Markedness and Language Change: Elšik, Matras
Date: 10-Apr-2006
From: Julia Ulrich <julia.ulrichdegruyter.com>
Subject: Markedness and Language Change: Elšik, Matras

Title: Markedness and Language Change
Subtitle: The Romani Sample
Series Title: Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 32

Publication Year: 2006
Publisher: Mouton de Gruyter

Book URL: http://www.degruyter.de/rs/bookSingle.cfm?id=IS-3110184524-1&l=E

Author: Viktor El?ik,
Author: Yaron Matras, University of Manchester

Hardback: ISBN: 3110184525 Pages: 475 Price: Europe EURO 98.00 Comment: for USA,
Canada, Mexico US$ 132.30


'Markedness' is a central notion in linguistic theory. This book is the
first to provide a comprehensive survey of markedness relations across
various grammatical categories, in a sample of closely-related speech
varieties. It is based on a sample of over 100 dialects of Romani,
collected and processed via the Romani Morpho-Syntax (RMS) Database - a
comparative grammatical outline in electronic form, constructed by the
authors between 2000-2004. Romani dialects provide an exciting sample of
language change phenomena: they are oral languages, which have been
separated and dispersed from some six centuries, and are strongly shaped by
the influence of diverse contact languages.

The book takes a typological approach to markedness, viewing it as a
hierarchy among values that is conditioned by conceptual and cognitive
universals. But it introduces a functional-pragmatic notion of markedness,
as a grammaticalised strategy employed in order to priositise information.
In what is referred to as 'dynamic', such prioritisation is influenced by
an interplay of factors: the values within a category and the conceptual
notions that they represent, the grammatical structure onto which the
category values are mapped, and the kind of strategy that is applied in
order to prioritise certain value. Consequently, the book contains a
thorough survey of some 20 categories (e.g Person, Number, Gender, and so
on) and their formal representation in various grammatical structures
across the sample. The various accepted criteria for markedness (e.g.
Complexity, Differentiation, Erosion, and so on) are examined
systematically in relation to the values of each and every category, for
each relevant structure. The outcome is a novel picture of how different
markedness criteria may cluster for certain categories, giving a concrete
reality to the hitherto rather vague notion of markedness. Borrowing and
its relation to markedness is also examined, offering new insights into the
motivations behind contact-induced change.

Linguistic Field(s):
Applied Linguistics
Language Change

Subject Language(s): None ()

Language Family(ies): Romani

Written In: English (eng)

See this book announcement on our website:

-------------------------- Major Supporters --------------------------
Blackwell Publishing http://www.blackwellpublishing.com
Cambridge University Press http://us.cambridge.org
Cascadilla Press http://www.cascadilla.com/
Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd http://www.continuumbooks.com
Edinburgh University Press http://www.eup.ed.ac.uk/
European Language Resources Association http://www.elda.org/sommaire.php
Georgetown University Press http://www.press.georgetown.edu
Hodder Arnold http://www.hoddereducation.co.uk
John Benjamins http://www.benjamins.com/
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates http://www.erlbaum.com/
Lincom GmbH http://www.lincom.at
MIT Press http://mitpress.mit.edu/
Mouton de Gruyter http://www.mouton-publishers.com
Multilingual Matters http://www.multilingual-matters.com/
Oxford University Press http://www.oup.com/us
Palgrave Macmillan http://www.palgrave.com
Rodopi http://www.rodopi.nl/
Routledge (Taylor and Francis) http://www.routledge.com/
Springer http://www.springeronline.com

---------------------- Other Supporting Publishers ----------------------
Anthropological Linguistics http://www.indiana.edu/~anthling/
CSLI Publications http://cslipublications.stanford.edu/
Graduate Linguistic Students' Assoc. Umass http://glsa.hypermart.net/
International Pragmatics Assoc. http://ipra-www.uia.ac.be/ipra/
Kingston Press Ltd http://www.kingstonpress.com/
Linguistic Assoc. of Finland http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/sky/
MIT Working Papers in Linguistics http://web.mit.edu/mitwpl/
Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke http://www.lotpublications.nl/
Pacific Linguistics http://pacling.anu.edu.au/
SIL International http://www.ethnologue.com/bookstore.asp
St. Jerome Publishing Ltd. http://www.stjerome.co.uk
Utrecht institute of Linguistics http://www-uilots.let.uu.nl/


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