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LINGUIST List 17.132

Mon Jan 16 2006

Books: Phonetics/Phonology: Barnes

Editor for this issue: Svetlana Aksenova <svetlanalinguistlist.org>

Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
        1.    Julia Ulrich, Strength and Weakness at the Interface: Barnes

Message 1: Strength and Weakness at the Interface: Barnes
Date: 12-Jan-2006
From: Julia Ulrich <julia.ulrichdegruyter.com>
Subject: Strength and Weakness at the Interface: Barnes

Title: Strength and Weakness at the Interface
Subtitle: Positional Neutralization in Phonetics and Phonology
Series Title: Phonology and Phonetics 10
Published: 2006
Publisher: Mouton de Gruyter

Book URL: http://www.degruyter.de/rs/bookSingle.cfm?id=IS-3110185210-1&l=E

Author: Jonathan Barnes, Boston University
Hardback: ISBN: 3110185210 Pages: x, 294 Price: Europe EURO 98.00
Hardback: ISBN: 3110185210 Pages: x, 294 Price: U.S. $ 132.30 Comment: for USA, Canada, Mexico

This thorough study of the expression of contrast in the world's vowel
systems examines phonetic and phonological differences between so-called
strong and weak positions, bringing the full range of data from positional
neutralization systems to bear on central questions at the interface
between phonetics and phonology. The author draws evidence from a diverse
array of sources, bringing together cross-linguistic typological surveys,
detailed investigations of the diachrony of specific languages (Slavic,
Turkic, Uralic, Austronesian, among many others) and original studies in
experimental phonetics. Devoted at once to empirical coverage and to
theoretical investigation, this is the first work to compile so exhaustive
a study of positional neutralization patterns in the languages of the
world. On the basis of this catalog of evidence, the author argues for a
diachronically oriented approach to the phonetic motivations behind
phonological patterns, with phonologization as its central mechanism.

Three pairs of traditionally-identified strong and weak positions for the
realization of vowel contrasts are selected and examined in detail:
stressed and unstressed syllables, domain final and non-final syllables,
and domain initial and non-initial syllables. Neutralization patterns in
each position are extracted from survey data, and analyzed in light of the
phonetic characteristics of each pair of positions. Both the nature of the
patterns identified as well as the variety and sources of exceptions have
important consequences for formal phonology, phonetics, and historical
linguistics as well.

JONATHAN BARNES is Assistant Professor at Boston University, Massachusetts,


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Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics

Written In: English (eng )

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