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LINGUIST List 17.1473

Sun May 14 2006

Diss: Syntax: Marušič: ' On Non-Simultaneous Phrases'

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        1.    Franc Marušič, On Non-Simultaneous Phases


Message 1: On Non-Simultaneous Phases
Date: 12-May-2006
From: Franc Marušič <lanko.marusicgmail.com>
Subject: On Non-Simultaneous Phases


Institution: State University of New York at Stony Brook
Program: Department of Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2005

Author: Franc Lanko Marušič

Dissertation Title: On Non-Simultaneous Phases

Dissertation URL: http://www.linguistics.stonybrook.edu/pub/papers/Marusic_2005.pdf

Linguistic Field(s): Syntax

Dissertation Director:
John F Bailyn
Daniel L. Finer
Richard K. Larson
Marcel den Dikken

Dissertation Abstract:

According to the phase theory, the recent development of the Minimalist
Program, sentences are built in smaller chunks--phases. Each phase starts
out with its own numeration and is completed when the structure constructed
in a phase is sent to the two interfaces, PF and LF. Thus, because of
simultaneous Spell-Out, every element participating in the derivation
should be both pronounced and interpreted within the same phase. But we
know that certain items can be interpreted lower than where they are
pronounced, as in cases of total reconstruction, or pronounced lower then
where they get interpreted as a result of covert movement.

Total reconstruction is analyzed as a result, following copy theory of
movement, of the deletion of the lower PF copies following some potentially
tricky lower-copydeletion algorithm. Much less clear is the derivation of
covert movement. We can again derive a solution using another algorithm
that would delete the higher PF copy and the lower LF copy. Needless to
say, these algorithms don't really seem to be the optimal solution.

A different approach to the two phenomena is possible if we accept the
existence of non-simultaneous phases. As argued by Megerdoomian (2003),
Felser (2004), and Marušič and Žaucer (2004), at the point of Spell-Out,
the structure built in a phase can be spelled-out to a single interface
(either only to PF or only to LF). Accepting the idea of single interface
spell-out, we can derive the two phenomena of non-aligned pronounciation
and interpretation. If at a certain point in the derivation an element is
only spelled-out to a single interface, what has not been sent off can
still participate in the derivation and move on. In this way the structural
positions of syntactic item's interpretation and its pronounciation are
different.

The main goal of this thesis is to show how the machinery of
non-simultaneous Spell-Out can be used to derive both Total reconstruction
and Quantifier Raising within syntax proper. The remainder of the thesis is
aimed at providing further arguments for the existence of non-simultaneous
Spell-Out. The arguments involve somehow long discussions of two very
interesting constructions, the Slovenian FEEL-LIKE construction and the
Slovenian non-finite clausal complementation.



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