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LINGUIST List 17.2635

Sat Sep 16 2006

Books: Morphology/Typology: Künnap

Editor for this issue: Maria Moreno-Rollins <marialinguistlist.org>


Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
Directory
        1.    Ulrich Lueders, Historically Problematic Morphosyntactic Features in Uralic Languages: Künnap


Message 1: Historically Problematic Morphosyntactic Features in Uralic Languages: Künnap
Date: 15-Sep-2006
From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de>
Subject: Historically Problematic Morphosyntactic Features in Uralic Languages: Künnap


Title: Historically Problematic Morphosyntactic Features in Uralic
Languages
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Asian Linguistics 69
Published: 2006
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
                http://www.lincom.at

Author: Ago Künnap, University of Tartu
Paperback: ISBN: 3895864935 Pages: 96 Price: Europe EURO 44.00
Abstract:

The introductory chapter 1 of this book addresses the question of a novel
approach to the history of Uralic - Finno-Ugric and Samoyed - languages.
The investigations clearly shows that among the reconstructed Proto-Uralic
structural features by far not all belong to common Uralic, at the same
time, a large number of them find equivalents in the neighbouring
non-Uralic languages. Chapter 2 is dedicated the problematics of some
Uralic morphosyntactic features.

The author has namely regarded as reliable that the genitive with the
suffix -n has actually been one of the earliest Uralic object cases. Uralic
languages are accusativeless because in those languages there is no
individual case form for a direct object. The primary determinator of the
choice between the indefinite/definite conjugations in Uralic languages was
intransitivity/transitivity. Discrimination of indefinite/definite
conjugations and concomitant reference to the number of the objects as well
as to a person of the object in the verbal forms are phenomenon that is
inherent to the whole of Northern Siberia and, besides Uralic languages
occur in a number of Paleosiberian languages.

In case of Uralic verbal personal k-markers we can probably come across
very little etymologically common suffix-material inherent to all Uralic
languages and at times they may prove to be of Turkic origin altogether. It
may be supposed that a non-personal general-definitive function has always
been inherent to the Uralic 3rd person possessive suffix.

An unexpected feature in several Uralic languages is the lack of the
Finnish type of the pronominal genitive attribute of the possessive suffix
(minun lauluni 'my my-song', cf. the Estonian type without a possessive
suffix in minu laul 'my song'). It need not necessarily always indicate the
retreat of the use of possessive suffixes as is usually supposed. In
chapter 3 is shown that neither does it exclude the possibility of
supposing an eastern specific relationship of Livonian via an onetime
broken Finno-Ugric linguistic chain.

Chapter 4 demonstrates that it would be more discreet to admit that the
origin of the Ugric t-locative, l-ablative and Hungarian k-plural is not
known, however, it is hardly probable that they should have a general
Finno-Ugric background.

Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
                            Typology
Language Family(ies): Uralic

Written In: English (eng )

See this book announcement on our website:
http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=21177


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