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LINGUIST List 17.2774

Tue Sep 26 2006

Books: Phonology: de Lacy

Editor for this issue: Maria Moreno-Rollins <marialinguistlist.org>


Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
Directory
        1.    Joyce Reid, Markedness: de Lacy


Message 1: Markedness: de Lacy
Date: 20-Sep-2006
From: Joyce Reid <jreidcup.org>
Subject: Markedness: de Lacy


Title: Markedness
Subtitle: Reduction and Preservation in Phonology
Series Title: Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 112
Published: 2006
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
                http://us.cambridge.org

Author: Paul de Lacy, Rutgers University
Hardback: ISBN: 0521839629 Pages: 466 Price: U.S. $ 99.00
Hardback: ISBN: 0521839629 Pages: 466 Price: U.K. £ 55.00
Abstract:

'Markedness' refers to the tendency of languages to show a preference for
particular structures or sounds. This bias towards 'marked' elements is
consistent within and across languages, and tells us a great deal about
what languages can and cannot do. This pioneering study presents a
groundbreaking theory of markedness in phonology. De Lacy argues that
markedness is part of our linguistic competence, and is determined by three
conflicting mechanisms in the brain:
(a) pressure to preserve marked sounds ('preservation'),
(b) pressure to turn marked sounds into unmarked sounds ('reduction'), and
(c) a mechanism allowing the distinction between marked and unmarked sounds
to be collapsed ('conflation').

He shows that due to these mechanisms, markedness occurs only when
preservation is irrelevant. Drawing on examples of phenomena such as
epenthesis, neutralization, assimilation, vowel reduction and
sonority-driven stress, Markedness offers an important new insight into
this essential concept in the understanding of human language.

1. What is markedness?;
2. Theory;
3. Markedness reduction;
4. Preservation of the marked;
5. Conflation in reduction;
6. Markedness conflation in preservation;
7. Markedness conflict: vowels;
8. Prediction and alternatives;
9. Conclusions.


Linguistic Field(s): Phonology

Written In: English (eng )

See this book announcement on our website:
http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=21298


-------------------------- Major Supporters --------------------------
Blackwell Publishing http://www.blackwellpublishing.com
Cambridge University Press http://us.cambridge.org
Cascadilla Press http://www.cascadilla.com/
Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd http://www.continuumbooks.com
Edinburgh University Press http://www.eup.ed.ac.uk/
Equinox Publishing Ltd. http://www.equinoxpub.com/
European Language Resources Association http://www.elda.org/sommaire.php
Georgetown University Press http://www.press.georgetown.edu
Hodder Arnold http://www.hoddereducation.co.uk
John Benjamins http://www.benjamins.com/
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates http://www.erlbaum.com/
Lincom GmbH http://www.lincom.at
MIT Press http://mitpress.mit.edu/
Mouton de Gruyter http://www.mouton-publishers.com
Multilingual Matters http://www.multilingual-matters.com/
Oxford University Press http://www.oup.com/us
Palgrave Macmillan http://www.palgrave.com
Rodopi http://www.rodopi.nl/
Routledge (Taylor and Francis) http://www.routledge.com/
Springer http://www.springer.com

---------------------- Other Supporting Publishers ----------------------
Anthropological Linguistics http://www.indiana.edu/~anthling/
CSLI Publications http://cslipublications.stanford.edu/
Graduate Linguistic Students' Assoc. Umass http://glsa.hypermart.net/
International Pragmatics Assoc. http://www.ipra.be
Kingston Press Ltd http://www.kingstonpress.com/
Linguistic Assoc. of Finland http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/sky/
MIT Working Papers in Linguistics http://web.mit.edu/mitwpl/
Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke http://www.lotpublications.nl/
Pacific Linguistics http://pacling.anu.edu.au/
SIL International http://www.ethnologue.com/bookstore.asp
St. Jerome Publishing Ltd. http://www.stjerome.co.uk
Utrecht institute of Linguistics http://www-uilots.let.uu.nl/

 




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