LINGUIST List 17.3115|
Mon Oct 23 2006
Qs: Free Direct/Indirect Speech
Editor for this issue: Kevin Burrows
We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was
instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.
In addition to posting a summary, we'd like to remind people that it is usually a good idea to personally thank those individuals who have taken the trouble to respond to the query.
To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.html.
Free Direct/Indirect Speech
Message 1: Free Direct/Indirect Speech
From: Adam Glaz <adam.glazumcs.lublin.pl>
Subject: Free Direct/Indirect Speech
I’m seeking help with Free Direct/Indirect Speech and related categories.
At a seminar on point of view I presented my students with the sentence
He said, they never let him know! (assuming “he” and “him” to be coreferential)
and claimed it was an instance of Free Direct Speech, where the Direct
Speech starting point is:
He said: “They never let me know!”
I assumed the DS sentence was simply “freed” by removing the quotes,
especially as the tense is left unchanged. However, my students objected by
pointing out that the use of the pronoun “him” and the presence of the
exclamation mark were indicative of Free Indirect Speech. I said this
couldn’t be FIS due to the presence of the reporting clause “he said” and
the retention of Simple Past rather than a change into Past Perfect (They
had never let him know! is clearly an instance of FIS). So we couldn’t
decide what it was: can we assume it’s a category in between FDS and FIS,
rather than a variant of either? I would be grateful for assistance from
those with more expertise in the subject than myself. Please reply to
adam.glaz “at” umcs.lublin.pl I will be happy to post a summary if there’s
Best wishes to all,
UMCS, Lublin, Poland
Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue
Please report any bad links or misclassified data
LINGUIST Homepage | Read
LINGUIST | Contact us
While the LINGUIST List makes every effort to ensure the linguistic relevance of sites listed
on its pages, it cannot vouch for their contents.