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LINGUIST List 17.3536

Thu Nov 30 2006

Calls: Syntax/Netherlands

Editor for this issue: Dan Parker <danlinguistlist.org>


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        1.    Mélanie Jouitteau, Workshop on V1 and V2


Message 1: Workshop on V1 and V2
Date: 30-Nov-2006
From: Mélanie Jouitteau <melaniejouitteaugmail.com>
Subject: Workshop on V1 and V2



Full Title: Workshop on V1 and V2

Date: 19-Apr-2007 - 20-Apr-2007
Location: Leiden, Netherlands
Contact Person: Mélanie Jouitteau
Meeting Email: < click here to access email >

Linguistic Field(s): Syntax

Call Deadline: 08-Feb-2007

Meeting Description:

The aim of this workshop is to bring together researches on V2 and V1 languages, and to investigate the second-placement phenomena in a cross-linguistic perspective.

The workshop is to be held the 19 & 20 april 2007 in Leiden (Netherlands)

Invited speakers:
David Adger (U. Queen Mary)
Dirk Bury (U. Wales, Bangor)
Jan Koster (U. Groningen)- to be confirmed
Diane Massam (U. Toronto)
Alain Rouveret (CNRS)
Fred Weerman (U. Amsterdam)
Jan-Wouter Zwart (U. Groningen)

Call deadline: 08 feb. 2007
Notification of acceptance: 01 march 2007
Workshop: 19-20 april 2007

It is well known that V2 orders are sensitive to the presence of C particles. In German or Dutch, the presence of a C particle leads to a V-final order, and V2 seems to be in complementary distribution with C particles (Den Besten 1977, Weerman 1989). However, Hallman (2000) has recently proposed an analysis of German V2 where the verb-final is merely a subclass of V2. Under this analysis, the complementary distribution vanishes.

In Hebrew or Breton, also V2 languages, the presence of a C particle leads to C-VSO orders (Borsley and Kathol 2000, Shlonsky 1997). This C-VSO order is V2 if we count syntactic heads as the pre-tensed element. This conclusion is independently reached for Breton, where a verbal head can be the first element of V2 orders ('Long Head Movement'- Borsley, Rivero & Stephens 1996, Jouitteau 2005).

The Breton and Hebrew patterns suggest that either a head or an XP can count as the first position for V2. Such a generalization could drastically extend the typology of V2. Recent work has proposed different analyses of the V2 requirement, leading to different lines of research. Some of them even cast doubt on the very existence of V1 orders (Bury 2000, 2003, Sifaki 2000, Koster 2003, Jouitteau 2005). This is provocative since about 10% of the languages of the world have been described as having V1 as basic word order.

Are there V1 orders in human languages at all? What is the evidence for V1 orders in V1 languages? Are there more V1 orders in V1 languages than in so-called V2 languages? Do verb-first languages persistently show recurrent pattern of clause initial particles (aspectual heads, matrix C particles), or is this accidental? What is the proper analysis of V1 languages (Carnie and Guilfoyle 2000, Carnie and Harley 2005)? In diachrony, Celtic languages switched from V2 to V1, whereas Arabic and Hebrew switched from V1 to V2 (or SVO). Can the trigger for change be identified (see Willis 1998, Rouveret 1994, Bury 2002 and Roberts 2005 for Welsh)?

What is the cross-linguistic characterization of V2? Is the theoretical mechanism of V2 restricted to so-called V2 languages, or is it operative in other languages as well? Is V2 any different in sign languages? Can second-placement phenomena receive a uniform analysis? Can the V2 rule account for second position clitics (Wackernagel position)? Are the second placement phenomena reducible to the EPP? Is it the result of syntax, phonology, or morphology (Anderson 2005, Adger 2006, Meinunger 2006)? Are there second position phenomena in DPs?

Some proposed references:

Adger 2006. Post-syntactic Movement and the Old Irish Verb Natural Language & Linguistic Theory 24:605-654.
Anderson, S. 2005. 'Verb Second as Alignment', chapter 7 of Aspects of the theory of Clitics, Oxford University Press.
Borsley R.D. and Kathol. 2000. 'Breton as a V2 language', In Linguistics 38, 665-710.
Bury, D. 2003. Phrased Structure and Derived heads, PhD ms. UCL.
Bury, D. 2002. 'A reinterpretation of the loss of verb-second in Welsh', In Syntactic effects of Morphological Change, D.W. Lightfooot (ed.), Oxford University Press, 215-231.
Bury, D. 2000. 'Particles, V2 and the ungrammaticality of verb-initial structures', In Working Papers in Linguistics 12.
Carnie, A, & Guilfoyle (eds.). 2000. The Syntax of Verb Initial Languages, Oxford University Press, New York.
Carnie, A. and Harley, H. (eds.) 2005. On the Syntax of Verb Initial Languages, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Den Besten, H. 1977. On the interaction of root transformations and lexical deletive rules. ms., MIT and University of Amsterdam.
Den Besten, H.. 1983. 'On the Interaction of Root Transformations and lexical Deletive Rules', In W. Abraham (ed.), On the Formal Syntax of Westgermania, Benjamins, Amsterdam, 47-131.
Borsley, Rivero and Stephens 1996. 'Long Head Movement in Breton'. In The Syntax of Celtic languages: A comparative perspective, ed. Robert D. Borsley and Ian Roberts, 53-74. Cambridge University Press.
Hallman, P. 2000.'On the derivation of V-final and its relation to V2', In Hirotani et al, eds., Proceedings of NELS 30, GLSA.
Jouitteau, M. 2005. La syntaxe comparée du breton, PhD ms. Naoned/Nantes.
Koeneman, O., 2000. The flexible nature of verb movement. Ph.D. dissertation, Utrecht Institute of Linguistics, Utrecht University.
Koster, J. 2003. 'All languages are Tense-second', In: Jan Koster and Henk van Riemsdijk, eds., Germania et Alia: A Linguistic Webschrift for Hans den Besten. (17 pp.).
Meinunger, A. 2006. 'Interface restrictions on verb-second', In: The Linguistic Review 23, 127-160.
Roberts, I. 2005. Principles and Parameters in a VSO Language: A Case Study in Welsh, Oxford University Press.
Rouveret, A. 1994. Syntaxe du gallois: Principles généreaux et typologie. CNRS Editions, Paris.
Shlonsky, U. 1997. Clause structure and word order in Hebrew and Arabic: An essay in comparative Semitic syntax. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sifaki, E. 2000. EPP satisfiers: Verb-Initial Orders in Greek, ms. thesis.
Willis, D. 1998. Syntactic Change in Welsh, A study of the loss of verb-second, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
Weerman 1989. The V2 Conspiracy, A synchronic and a diachronic analysis of verbal positions in Germanic languages, Foris Publications, Dordrecht.
Zwart, J.W. 2005, verb-second as a function of Merge, Marcel den Dikken and Christina Tortora (eds.), The Function of Function Words and Functional Categories, Benjamins (p. 11-40).



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