LINGUIST List 17.583|
Wed Feb 22 2006
Diss: Syntax: Kolehmainen: 'Präfix- und Partikelverb...'
Editor for this issue: Meredith Valant
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Präfix- und Partikelverben im deutsch-finnischen Kontrast
Message 1: Präfix- und Partikelverben im deutsch-finnischen Kontrast
From: Leena Kolehmainen <leena.kolehmainenhelsinki.fi>
Subject: Präfix- und Partikelverben im deutsch-finnischen Kontrast
Institution: University of Helsinki
Program: Department of German
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2005
Author: Leena Kolehmainen
Dissertation Title: Präfix- und Partikelverben im deutsch-finnischen Kontrast
Dissertation URL: http://ethesis.helsinki.fi
Subject Language(s): German, Standard (deu); Finnish
This dissertation is a contrastive study of verb morphology, semantics, valency, and phrasal patterns in modern German and Finnish, focusing on prefix and particle verbs. The aims of this thesis are 1) to define the prefix and particle verbs, 2) to discuss their status in the linguistic system, and 3) to explore and compare the properties of these verbs in German and in Finnish. The study undertakes a contrastive analysis of dictionary excerpts as well as of evidence from text corpora. Additional aspects, such as evolutionary developments leading to the growth of prefix and particle verbs and complex verbs in Estonian and Hungarian, two languages related to Finnish, are also discussed.
The comparison of German prefix verbs with their Finnish counterparts reveals interesting details of Finnish complex verbs and their morphological properties. It also reveals valency alternation patterns in Finnish that have not yet been discussed in the research literature.
According to the traditional view, German particle verbs are best dealt with using a morphological approach that integrates them into the study of proper word formation products. In the light of the present study, however, this becomes questionable: Particle verbs appear to be complex, often lexicalized expressions with a syntactic combination structure. This accounts for their behaviour in German sentences. The study of German particle verbs offers a useful framework for an investigation of their Finnish counterparts, which so far have attracted only modest attention in research on the Finnish language.
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