LINGUIST List 17.676|
Fri Mar 03 2006
Diss: Syntax: Yilmaz: 'The Hypothetical System in Tu...'
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The Hypothetical System in Turkish : From morphosyntax to enunciation
Message 1: The Hypothetical System in Turkish : From morphosyntax to enunciation
From: Selim Yilmaz <selyilmazsuperonline.com>
Subject: The Hypothetical System in Turkish : From morphosyntax to enunciation
Institution: University of Paris 3, Sorbonne Nouvelle
Program: Department of French and Latin Literature and Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2000
Author: Selim Yilmaz
Dissertation Title: The Hypothetical System in Turkish : From morphosyntax to enunciation
Subject Language(s): Turkish (tur)
This thesis presents a distributional study of the hypothetical structures in contemporary Turkish spoken in Turkey. Hypotheticals systematically contain the explicit marker "-sE": this suffix is always associated with a predicate (verbal or nominal) placed at the end of the protasis (P1). We analyzed the predicative relation between the protasis and apodosis in the relational system between two propositions (P1~P2). This relation is essentially manifested by modo-temporal markers which show the link between the hypothetical and the other modalities (obligatory, optative, assertive, etc.). On the whole, our analytical and interpretative method is founded upon three perspectives: morpho-syntax, intonation, and enunciation. Morpho-syntax is the starting point, the objective is to determine hypothetical categories through their intonative and enunciative values. In order to accomplish this we collected a large corpus of dialogue, the transcription of which afforded around one hundred hypotheticals with "-sE". Seeing the importance of the context, all hypotheticals were studied within quite lengthy utterances. This study is composed of three parts: 1) Typology of Turkish and of spontaneous oral utterances, 2) Standard hypotheticals with "-sE", 3) Hypotheticals in "-sE" and other operations. This thesis shows that the hypothetical system of Turkish not only uses a relational system (function of "-sE"), but also illustrates the functions of three syntactic positions: initial position (ligator), central position (pause), and final position (predicate / intonation): whence the complementarity of the markers on different planes. It is effectively these three syntactic positions - especially the last - which will define the enunciative value of the hypothetical, and show the enunciator's attitude toward the other (co-enunciation / co-locution).
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