From: Te-hsin Liu <liu.tehsingmail.com>
Subject: Problems with Surface-Based Generalizations
Full Title: Problems with Surface-Based Generalizations
Date: 08-Oct-2007 - 09-Oct-2007
Location: Paris, France
Contact Person: Te-hsin Liu
Meeting Email: phonoparis8yahoo.fr
Web Site: http://hk.geocities.com/tehsinl/index.htm
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
Call Deadline: 22-Apr-2007
This conference is to be held in Paris, organised by Paris 8 University and
Since the advent of Optimality Theory (OT) advocating the replacement of
rules by violable constraints, this model faces a number of challenges that
appear to be related to its initial commitment to evaluating a set of
surface 'candidates'. One problem is that we have no satisfactory criterion
as to which and how many candidates should be evaluated for a given input.
As is shown by Steriade's (2001) work on the typology of repairs for the
constraint against voiced stops, the only repair attested for violations of
such a constraint is final devoicing. Other potential strategies, such as
nasalization, syncope, metathesis and epenthesis, are not attested. While
syncope and epenthesis are frequent processes among languages, they are
never chosen as repair strategies for final obstruent voicing. However,
standard OT has no way to rule out these possibilities elegantly, and this
is far from being the only problem for the theory. In order to account for
problematic opacity facts, several attempts have been proposed. Thus,
Calabrese (2005) proposes to re-establish serialism, the principle at the
heart of classical generative phonology. On the contrary, Carvalho & Klein
(2006) suggest to develop a theory of the input, arguing that phonological
representations should explain the reasons of the variable behaviour of
speakers vis-à-vis opacity.
We organize a two-day workshop, addressing any topic related with the above
issues, couched in any theoretical framework. The empirical domains can
include loanwords, word games, sociolinguistic variation, etc..
Speakers will have the opportunity to present a 20-minute talk, followed by
10 minutes of discussion.
Larry Hyman (University of California, Berkeley)
Haike Jacobs (University Nijmegen)
Sharon Peperkamp (Université de Paris 8)
Tobias Scheer (Université de Nice)
Format of Abstracts:
- an anonymous text no longer than two pages in either French or English;
- page format: A4, 2,5 cm margins on all four sides, 12-point font, simple
- the body of the message contains the title of the presentation proposed
as well as the name, the affiliation, and the electronic address of all
- the abstract, in PDF format, is attached to the message.
Kadija Aboufarah (Paris 8 University & UMR 7023)
Te-hsin Liu (Paris 8 University & UMR 7023)
Marcela San Giacomo (Paris 8 University)
Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho (Paris 8 University & UMR 7023)
Marc Klein (Paris 10 University)
Mohamed Lahrouchi (UMR 7023)
Michela Russo (Paris 8 University & UMR 7023)
Sophie Wauquier (Paris 8 University & UMR 7023)
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