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LINGUIST List 18.146

Tue Jan 16 2007

Diss: Applied Ling/Psycholing/Writing Systems: Lupu: '透视汉字阅读的过程'

Editor for this issue: Hannah Morales <hannahlinguistlist.org>


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        1.    Roxana Lupu, 透视汉字阅读的过程


Message 1: 透视汉字阅读的过程
Date: 13-Jan-2007
From: Roxana Lupu <roxana_ioanayahoo.com>
Subject: 透视汉字阅读的过程


Institution: Nanjing University
Program: Chinese Language and Literature
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2006

Author: Roxana Lupu

Dissertation Title: 透视汉字阅读的过程

Linguistic Field(s): Applied Linguistics
                            Psycholinguistics
                            Writing Systems

Subject Language(s): Chinese, Mandarin (cmn)

Dissertation Director:
Kai Li

Dissertation Abstract:

Researchers have been attracted to the study of character recognition. They
attempted to reveal how various types of information represented in
characters are accessed and utilized in reading. Most Chinese characters
are composed of sub-character constituents. Therefore, knowledge of
character reading can also come from studies on the role of sub-character
components in character level processing. In the this thesis we reviewed
the research findings that illustrate the existence and influence of
sub-character processing in character reading, and we conducted ourselves
three experiments which added more evidence concerning the processing of
the phonetic and semantic radicals. Finally, we proposed a method for
teaching characters to foreign learners of Chinese, based on these findings.

According to this proposal, character components are considered the basic
building blocks of the teaching/learning process. Since this strategy of
processing (taking radicals as basic units of visual processing) proved to
be the most efficient in the case of native Chinese readers, we have
reasons to believe that this strategy can be used in the process of
teaching foreigners character recognition. Phonetic radicals are taught as
separate entities in the case of regular and semi-regular characters, and
all radicals with meaning are explained, no matter the type of the
character. Moreover, the Character Decomposition Method supports to a large
extent associative procedures of connecting new information with learners'
past experiences and existing knowledge by reinforcement. Learners acquire
new characters through using the radicals and characters that they
previously learned. This way, the Character Decomposition Method strongly
encourages learners to utilize fully their creative and imaginative minds
with their cognitive thinking skills developed in their first language.

Keywords: Mandarin Chinese, Character processing, Reading, Chinese Second
Language Acquisition



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