LINGUIST List 18.1491|
Wed May 16 2007
Books: Language Description: Bodrogligeti
Editor for this issue: Hannah Morales
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A Grammar of Chagatay: Bodrogligeti
Message 1: A Grammar of Chagatay: Bodrogligeti
From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de>
Subject: A Grammar of Chagatay: Bodrogligeti
Title: A Grammar of Chagatay
Series Title: Languages of the World/Materials 155
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Author: András J. E. Bodrogligeti
Paperback: ISBN: 389586563X Pages: 270 Price: Europe EURO 88.00 Comment: 2nd printing
An acrolect of the Central Asian Turks from the fifteenth to the late
nineteenth century, the Chagatay language was a multilayered literary idiom
employed in Transoxiana, Khorasan Fergana and East Turkistan, especially in
cultural centers such as Samarkand, Bukhara, Herat, Khiva, Kokand and
Kashghar. Chagatay was also used in India in the court of the Great
Moghuls, in Kazan, and even in the Ottoman Empire. Presently it is regarded
as the Classical phase of Modern Uzbek although the scope of Chagatay,
especially of the lexion was much broader than what the term Classical
Uzbek would imply.
Orthography: Chagatay works were written in Arabic script with generous use
of matres lectionis: a criterion that makes Chagatay different from Ottoman
and allows the reader an easier identification of graphemes. Text
publications mostly use transcription with alphabets using modified
characters of the Latin, or Russian writing systems.
Morphology operates with suffixes, prefixes, postpositions, prepositions
Izafet markers, composition and coordination. Suffixes have a definite
hierarchy of sequence.
Chagatay nouns and pronouns have no grammatical gender. They have singular
and plural forms. By their final phoneme we distinguish light and heavy
nouns; by the behavior of their last consonant or their second vowel under
certain conditions we distinguish weak and strong nouns. There are ten
cases of nouns and pronouns. There are no definite or indefinite articles.
Adjectives have no special class marker. Some of the means of derivation
may signal that the derivative is an adjective. There is no strict boundary
between adjectives and adverbs. Adjectives often occur as nouns and can
take case endings and plural signs. Adjectives have three degrees:
positive, comparative, and superlative. The superlative also serves as the
absolute degree. Intensive forms are created by morphological and analytic
means. Stems: weak and strong, light and heavy, simple and derivative.
Primary stems: positive, negative, possibilitive, impossibilitive.
Secondary stems: active, passive, reflexive, reciprocal, adjutative,
cooperative, causative, desiderative, similative, transitive, ditransitive,
intransitive. Coordinated (serialized) stems. Compound stems.
Finite forms: person (first, second, and third), number (singular and
plural). Structure: stems, particles, themes, personal signs. Tenses:
Present, future, past. Moods: imperative, voluntative, indicative,
optative, conditional, temporal. Aspects: perfect, imperfect, progressive.
Negation: negative stems, and negative particles are used. Affirmation by
affirmative particles and adverbs. Traces of an honorific system: lexical,
Nonfinite forms: Verbal nouns (agent nouns, action nouns infinitives).
Gerunds (imperfect, antecedental, inceptive, purposive, resolutive,
terminative, compensative, copulative, negative. Participles (past,
present, aorist: positive, negative, necessitative, agental, resultative
Adverbs have no special category markers. There is no strict class boundary
between adverbs and adjectives. There are simple, derivative, and phrasal
Six types of noun phrases. Sentence structure: simple (nominal, verbal),
expanded and compound sentences. Clause structure: finite, nonfinite.
Clause chaining: coordination by juxtapositon, connective gerunds, and
conjunctions. Subordination: the main sentence. Relative clauses,
Written In: English (eng )
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