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LINGUIST List 18.1675

Fri Jun 01 2007

Qs: Bound Morphemes

Editor for this issue: Kevin Burrows <kevinlinguistlist.org>

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        1.    Ross Jones, Bound Morphemes

Message 1: Bound Morphemes
Date: 30-May-2007
From: Ross Jones <rossjones12optusnet.com.au>
Subject: Bound Morphemes

Do bound morphemes have to be affixed or hyphenated, or can they be written
as free forms?

Boko has some compound verbs where the nominal object does not occur
without the verb root and which may be possessed.
Example 1 (I have omitted the tones)
ma a oo-kpa
1s.Perf.pr 3s.inam.pr spoil-give.Perf
I spoilt it.

There is no 3s.inam.pr in the language, so the 'a' here can only be
interpreted as a possessive pronoun.

Example 2
'o 'cry' is a noun. (glottal stop plus open o with high tone)
'oo-lo 'to cry' is a compound verb. (aspectual tone changes occur on the
verb root 'lo'
'o gbaa do 'to cry aloud' is a compound verb with an adjective in the NP
bee 'o 'o~ ma do 'for this I cried' (this-cry-then-I-sounded)
ale a 'oo-lo 'she is crying about it' (3s.Prog 3s.inam cry)

Linguistic Field(s): Morphology

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