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LINGUIST List 18.2065

Mon Jul 09 2007

Books: Syntax/Morphology/Semantics: Poudel

Editor for this issue: Hannah Morales <hannahlinguistlist.org>

Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
        1.    Ulrich Lueders, Tense, Aspect and Modality in Nepali and Manipuri: Poudel

Message 1: Tense, Aspect and Modality in Nepali and Manipuri: Poudel
Date: 04-Jul-2007
From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de>
Subject: Tense, Aspect and Modality in Nepali and Manipuri: Poudel

Title: Tense, Aspect and Modality in Nepali and Manipuri
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Asian Linguistics 73
Published: 2007
Publisher: Lincom GmbH

Author: Tikaram Poudel
Paperback: ISBN: 9783895861864 Pages: 282 Price: Europe EURO 72.00

This work explores the morpho-syntax and semantics of tense, aspect and
modality in Nepali and Manipuri. We show that a sentence in natural
language consists of a proposition, the element of modality and temporal
reference. The proposition consists of the verb and its arguments. The
notion of modality encodes different attitudes and judgments of the
speaker. The temporal reference refers to whether the action is completed
or on going and whether the state or the action is prior, simultaneous or
posterior to the speech time.

Traditionally moods and modal verbs were considered to be the subdivisions
of modality. We show that modality is rather a semantic notion with its
subdivisions of realis and irrealis. Not only moods and modal verbs, but
also inherently modality verbs, express this modal contrast. Declarative
mood is the default way of expressing realis modality, on the other hand,
irrealis modality, the marked category, is expressed by nondeclarative in
Nepali and irrealis in Manipuri. Modal verbs express different sorts of
modality such as epistemic and deontic. Modality verbs cast different modal
senses on their complements.

The notion of aspect is discussed within the subdivision of inherent
aspect, perfectivity, terminativity and sequentiality. The discussion on
inherent aspect explores the effect of inherent meanings of verbal group on
the aspectual distinction. The term perfectivity is limited within the
morphological level and includes the notions such as completives,
anteriors, resultatives and past time markers. It contrasts with
imperfectivity such as genericity, durativity and habituality. The term
terminativity operates in the clausal level and has both verbal group and
nominal arguments in its scope. The term sequentiality is a discourse level
property and we illustrate it from the textual analysis from modern
Manipuri fiction. We show that non-stative verbs marked with perfectivity
and having the feature of terminativity move the story line forward
functioning as the foregrounding property of discourse.

The study concludes that tense is not a universal category, but a device
languages employ to encode the relationship between speech time and event
time. Nepali uses tense as one of such devices and Manipuri uses realis
mood and other temporal means for the same purpose as it does not have
grammatical way of marking tense.

Linguistic Field(s): Morphology

Subject Language(s): Meitei (mni)
                            Nepali (nep)

Written In: English (eng )

See this book announcement on our website:

-------------------------- Major Supporters --------------------------
Blackwell Publishing http://www.blackwellpublishing.com
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Continuum International Publishing Group Ltd http://www.continuumbooks.com
Edinburgh University Press http://www.eup.ed.ac.uk/
Equinox Publishing Ltd. http://www.equinoxpub.com/
European Language Resources Association http://www.elda.org/sommaire.php
Georgetown University Press http://www.press.georgetown.edu
Hodder Arnold http://www.hoddereducation.co.uk
John Benjamins http://www.benjamins.com/
Lawrence Erlbaum Associates http://www.erlbaum.com/
Lincom GmbH http://www.lincom.at
MIT Press http://mitpress.mit.edu/
Mouton de Gruyter http://www.mouton-publishers.com
Multilingual Matters http://www.multilingual-matters.com/
Oxford University Press http://www.oup.com/us
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Routledge (Taylor and Francis) http://www.routledge.com/
Springer http://www.springer.com

---------------------- Other Supporting Publishers ----------------------
Anthropological Linguistics http://www.indiana.edu/~anthling/
CSLI Publications http://cslipublications.stanford.edu/
Graduate Linguistic Students' Assoc. Umass http://glsa.hypermart.net/
International Pragmatics Assoc. http://www.ipra.be
Kingston Press Ltd http://www.kingstonpress.com/
Linguistic Assoc. of Finland http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/sky/
MIT Working Papers in Linguistics http://web.mit.edu/mitwpl/
Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke http://www.lotpublications.nl/
Pacific Linguistics http://pacling.anu.edu.au/
SIL International http://www.ethnologue.com/bookstore.asp
St. Jerome Publishing Ltd. http://www.stjerome.co.uk
Utrecht institute of Linguistics http://www-uilots.let.uu.nl/


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