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LINGUIST List 18.2881

Tue Oct 02 2007

Books: Syntax/Linguistic Theories: Liu

Editor for this issue: Hannah Morales <hannahlinguistlist.org>


Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
Directory
        1.    Ulrich Lueders, Bu-Yu, the Complex-Predicate Structures in Mandarin Chinese: Liu


Message 1: Bu-Yu, the Complex-Predicate Structures in Mandarin Chinese: Liu
Date: 01-Oct-2007
From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de>
Subject: Bu-Yu, the Complex-Predicate Structures in Mandarin Chinese: Liu
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Title: Bu-Yu, the Complex-Predicate Structures in Mandarin Chinese
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Chinese Linguistics 04
Published: 2007
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
                http://www.lincom.eu

Author: Haiyong Liu
Paperback: ISBN: 9783895869020 Pages: 155 Price: Europe EURO 58.00
Abstract:

In this book, the author surveys the internal structures of three classes
of bu-yu, complex-predicate structures, in Mandarin. They are traditionally
termed as jieguo - 'resultative' bu-yu, keneng - 'potential' bu-yu, and
miaoshu - 'descriptive' bu-yu. They all consist of P(redicate)1 and
P(redicate)2.

The author offers a finer categorization within and without these bu-yu
structures that differ in formation, aspect marking, negation, and A-not-A
question formation.

His analysis of P1 and P2 incorporation explains why in jieguo bu-yu, only
P2 is under the scope of negation and why an intransitive P2 can now assign
case. He argues that keneng bu-yu is derived from jieguo bu-yu, based on
the similarities in their interpretations, the transitivity of their P2s,
and the optionality in their object topicalization and pro-drop. He
proposes, however, that keneng bu-yu is a serial-verb construction, the
infix 'de' being an analytical morpheme for both potentiality and
causativity. A successive cyclic analysis accounts for the idiosyncrasy in
keneng buyu A-not-A question, which takes the form of P1-DE-P2-P1-not-P2,
different from the normal A-not-A questions.

He divides miaoshu bu-yu into descriptives, resultatives, and causatives,
depending on the nature of their P2. When P2 is an individual-level
predicate, we have descriptives, with P2 being the main predicate. When P2
is a stage-level predicate, we have resultatives or causatives.
Resultatives has either subject-control or complex clausal structure, based
on the finiteness of P2. Causatives have ECM. The 'de' in descriptives is
argued to be a nominalizer, which explains the peculiar P1-copying effect.

The 'de' in resultatives is argued to be a complementizer like English
'that'. The 'de' in causatives is argued to be a prepositional
complementizer like English 'for' that introduces an infinitive complement.

Linguistic Field(s): Linguistic Theories
                            Syntax

Subject Language(s): Chinese, Mandarin (cmn)

Written In: English (eng )

See this book announcement on our website:
http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=31401


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International Pragmatics Assoc. http://www.ipra.be
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Linguistic Assoc. of Finland http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/sky/
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