Title: The Origins of Slavonic
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Slavic Linguistics 29
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Author: Noel C. Brackney
Hardback: ISBN: 9783895860713 Pages: 193 Price: Europe EURO 98.00
This book examines the causes of the dissolution of Common Slavonic. Archaeologists have questioned traditional theories of the Indo-Europeanization of Europe; consensus has been growing that the Indo-European languages arrived in Europe earlier than previously thought, accompanying the introduction of agriculture at the end of the Neolithic period. This stands in contrast to the premise that Proto-Indo-European was introduced during the Bronze Age by steppe nomads.
Acceptance of the former model requires adjustment in the chronology of the break-up of Indo-European unity. It also necessitates the modification of theories of language change. This issue has been addressed by the proposal of a framework of language evolution incorporating the Utterance-Based Theory of Selection and the Punctuated Equilibrium Model. Both stress the role of external factors in the development of languages.
The conclusion is that there exists a concrete and dynamic relationship between catastrophic historical events and episodes of profound change in the structure of a language. The body of this book is composed of historical, archaeological, and linguistic evidence, which substantiates this claim.
Chapter 2: Theoretical Parameters 6 2.1 Introductory Remarks 6 2.2 From Early Philological to Neogrammarian Theories of Language Change 8 2.3 The Neogrammarian Approach to Language Change 11 2.4 Structural and Generative Linguistics 12 2.5 The Object of Study 18 2.6 Definition of Terms 20 2.7 Interdisciplinary Approaches to Language Change 23 2.8 Language Change 25 2.9 The Ontogeny of Linguistic Change 28 2.10 The Function of Linguistic Change 30 2.11 The Mechanisms and Phylogeny of Linguistic Change 30 2.12 Phonological Mechanisms 30 2.13 Morphological Mechanisms 31 2.14 Syntactic Mechanisms 33 2.15 Towards a Phylogeny of Change 34 2.16 Macromechanical and Micromechanical Linguistic Change 35 2.17 Lack of Concrete Divisions with the Hierarchy and Mechanisms of Change 36 2.18 The Actuation of Change 37 2.19 'Critical Mass' and the Punctuated Equilibrium Model 41 2.20 Linguistic Contact 47 2.21 The Role of Context in Linguistic Change 49 2.22 Summary 49
Chapter 3: History 51 3.1 Introduction 51 3.2 Environmental Factors 56 3.3 The Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age 59 3.4 The Middle Bronze Age, the Late Bronze Age, and the Classical Period 62 3.5 The Cimmerians 67 3.6 The Scythians 68 3.7 The Greek Colonies 70 3.8 The Sarmatians 71 3.9 The Early Slavs: Some Preliminary Remarks 71 3.10 The Early Slavs: Review of Primary Sources 72 3.11 The Early Slavs: Archaeological Evidence 75 3.12 Review of Traditional Assessments of IE Expansion and Consolidation 81 3.13 The Demic Diffusion Model 85 3.14 The Pre-Proto-Indo-Europeans, Proto-Indo-Europeans, and Slavs 91 3.15 Summary 98
Language Family(ies): Indo-European