LINGUIST List 18.657|
Thu Mar 01 2007
Diss: Phonetics: Shinutama: 'Prosodic Marker of Kutai Malay Declara...'
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Prosodic Marker of Kutai Malay Declarative and Interrogative Contrast
Message 1: Prosodic Marker of Kutai Malay Declarative and Interrogative Contrast
From: Sugiyono Shinutama <sh_sugiyonotelkom.net>
Subject: Prosodic Marker of Kutai Malay Declarative and Interrogative Contrast
Institution: The National Center of Indonesian Languages
Program: Acrobat Reader
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2003
Author: Sugiyono Shinutama
Dissertation Title: Prosodic Marker of Kutai Malay Declarative and Interrogative Contrast
Subject Language(s): Malay, Tenggarong Kutai (vkt)
Vincent J. van Heuven
This study is aimed to find out how the prosodic markers characterize the
contrast of declarative and interrogative utterances both in the production
and perception perspectives. The research is based on the assumption that
studying prosody as a part of the symbols system has to set the prosody
completely on the interaction domain, involve how the speaker organizes the
prosody component concurrently with segmental and lexical items to
enunciate the meaning, and how in fact the hearer distinguishes the prosodic
symbols to perceive the meaning of the utterance. As well as to find the
prosodic marker either an individual part or their configuration to
construct a melodic and temporal structures, the study is also intended to
measure each of the relevant variables within the two structures.
In the production experiment I found that the component of melodic
structure such as the reference pitch or initial pitch in total contour
(nada dasar), final pitch (nada final), peak(s) (puncak nada), and pitch
range (julat nada) as well as duration significantly mark the contrast of
declarative and interrogative utterances.
In the perception experiment, I found that the declaratives base stimuli
could be perceived as fully declarative with perfect intonation if the
pitch range of the contour ranges between 3 st to 35 st. In terms of
excursion size, minimum contour is characterized by P1 onset at the same
level of reference (0 st or no excursion), P1 and P2 with excursed 1 st and
final pitch excursed about -2 st (or 2 st under the reference).
On searching of contrastive threshold, I found that interrogative
utterances more sensitive to the prosodic change than declarative utterances.
Compared to the acoustic characteristics in their utterances, it seems that
the speaker of the language can perceived more than what they produce. The
pitch range of their utterances distributes from 5 st to 22 st, but they can
perceive stimuli as perfect utterances in the range of 3 st to 35 st. They are
also able to perceive much higher peaks and final pitch excursion than what
they can produce.
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