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LINGUIST List 18.837

Mon Mar 19 2007

Diss: Psycholing: Buchweitz: 'Two Languages, Two Input Modalities, ...'

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        1.    Augusto Buchweitz, Two Languages, Two Input Modalities, One Brain: An fMRI study of Portuguese-English bilinguals and Portuguese listening and reading comprehension effects on brain activation


Message 1: Two Languages, Two Input Modalities, One Brain: An fMRI study of Portuguese-English bilinguals and Portuguese listening and reading comprehension effects on brain activation
Date: 16-Mar-2007
From: Augusto Buchweitz <abuchandrew.cmu.edu>
Subject: Two Languages, Two Input Modalities, One Brain: An fMRI study of Portuguese-English bilinguals and Portuguese listening and reading comprehension effects on brain activation


Institution: Federal University of Santa Catarina
Program: Pós-Graduação em Inglês (PPGI)
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2006

Author: Augusto Buchweitz

Dissertation Title: Two Languages, Two Input Modalities, One Brain: An fMRI study of Portuguese-English bilinguals and Portuguese listening and reading comprehension effects on brain activation

Linguistic Field(s): Psycholinguistics

Subject Language(s): Portuguese (por)

Dissertation Director:
Alves Fábio
Just A Marcel
Lêda M Tomitch

Dissertation Abstract:

Highly proficient bilinguals skillfully process two languages with
comparable success. Languages have in speech and script two modalities of
input to convey information in linguistic form. In this dissertation, two
fMRI experiments were carried out with the aim to investigate (i)
Portuguese (L1) and English (L2) highly-proficient bilingual comprehension
and (ii) Portuguese input modality effects on brain activation.
Neuroimaging results for the first experiment showed that bilingual brain
activation was comparable in Portuguese and English comprehension; however,
additional activation of premotor and primary motor areas of the cortex was
identified in the comparison between second and first language activation.
Results for the second experiment showed differential activation in
bilateral temporal cortex for listening, and left-inferior occipital for
reading comprehension. Results indicate (1) that there is an additional
effort in articulating and rehearsing information in L2 comprehension; and
(2) that neuroanatomical differences in activation between Portuguese
reading and listening are associated with processing auditory and visual
information proper, but not with activation usually associated with the
triggering of higher-order cognition processes. These results contribute to
the understanding of bilingual comprehension effects, and of input modality
effects on brain activation and cognition.



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