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LINGUIST List 19.152

Mon Jan 14 2008

Diss: Ling Theories/Morphology/Phonetics/Phonology: Chung: 'Ecology...'

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        1.    Inkie Chung, Ecology of PF: A study of Korean phonology and morphology in a derivational approach


Message 1: Ecology of PF: A study of Korean phonology and morphology in a derivational approach
Date: 11-Jan-2008
From: Inkie Chung <inkiechungsogang.ac.kr>
Subject: Ecology of PF: A study of Korean phonology and morphology in a derivational approach
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Institution: University of Connecticut
Program: Department of Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2007

Author: Inkie Chung

Dissertation Title: Ecology of PF: A study of Korean phonology and morphology in a derivational approach

Dissertation URL: http://www.english.ccsu.edu/chungink/chung-07.pdf

Linguistic Field(s): Linguistic Theories
                            Morphology
                            Phonetics
                            Phonology

Subject Language(s): English (eng)
                            Korean (kor)

Dissertation Director:
Jonathan D Bobaljik
Andrea Calabrese
Harry van der Hulst

Dissertation Abstract:

This dissertation studies the component of PF, i.e., morphology, phonology
and phonetics, in Korean in a consistently derivational approach. Using
phonological arguments and an acoustic phonetic study, chapter 2 identifies
the surface syllable structure. It also recognizes the two syllable
structure constraints: the complex onset constraint and the branching
nucleus constraint. Using this syllable structure and these constraints,
chapter 3 provides a comprehensive analysis of hiatus in verbal morphology
and related issues within Calabrese's (1995, 2002a) Dynamic Phonology
framework. A limited number of actual outcomes for similar hiatus
configurations show that the constraint-induced repairs are not finite but
limited, and subject to the general principle of economy. It is shown that
economy chooses shorter derivations over longer ones, when more than one
derivation is possible and yield the same final outcome. It also shows that
the hiatus constraint is a non-surface, cyclic constraint, operating once
per morpho¬phonological cycle. Furthermore, it argues that certain
phonological operations must be described with the traditional rule-like
formalism. It is also pointed out that the syllable structure constraints
identified in chapter 2 are surface constraints. Chapters 4 and 5 provide a
morphological study in Distributed Morphology (Bobaljik 2000, Halle and
Marantz 1993, Marantz 2006). With verbal and adjectival roots exhibiting
negative and honorific suppletion, these chapters identify the
morphological structure of the inflected predicates (and hence phrase
structure to a certain extent) in Korean. It identifies the paradoxical
situation arising from the interaction of negative suppletion and honorific
suppletion: the structurally outer honorific morphology blocks the inner
negative suppletion. Root allomorphy of honorific suppletion is analyzed as
vocabulary insertion, and the portmanteau negative suppletion is
characterized as fusion interleaved with vocabulary insertion. The notion
of phases (Chomsky 2000, et seq.) explains the unavailability of honorific
suppletion with causatives. The dissertation resolves the issue of opacity,
the major problem of a representational and parallelist theory The
derivational approach allows a coherent and more adequate grammatical
analysis of Korean morpho-phonology. It highlights the ecological nature of
language, in that language is a living, dynamic and organic body, and more
than simply a static or representational object.





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