* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
LINGUIST List logo Eastern Michigan University Wayne State University *
* People & Organizations * Jobs * Calls & Conferences * Publications * Language Resources * Text & Computer Tools * Teaching & Learning * Mailing Lists * Search *
* *
LINGUIST List 19.1789

Wed Jun 04 2008

Qs: Hindi Causatives

Editor for this issue: Catherine Adams <catherinlinguistlist.org>

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.

In addition to posting a summary, we'd like to remind people that it is usually a good idea to personally thank those individuals who have taken the trouble to respond to the query.

To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.html.
        1.    Gavin Austin, Hindi Causatives

Message 1: Hindi Causatives
Date: 02-Jun-2008
From: Gavin Austin <gaustin2une.edu.au>
Subject: Hindi Causatives
E-mail this message to a friend

Dear all,

I have a quick question about causatives in Hindi. I hope a native Hindi
speaker can help.

(1) raam-nee khaanaa khaa-yaa.
Ram-AGENT food eat-PAST
'Ram ate dinner.'

(2) mal-nee raam-koo/*see khaanaa khil-aa-yaa.
'I fed Ram.'

(3) raam-nee nahaa-yaa.
Ram-AGENT bathe-PAST
'Ram bathed.

(4) mal-nee raam-kool*see nahal-aa-yaa.
'I bathed Ram.'

Is the following correct? In (2), Ram cannot perform the action of eating
without assistance: perhaps he is a small child or an invalid. In (4),
however, there is no obligatory implication that Ram needs help. Perhaps he
does, or perhaps he doesn’t.

Basically I'm interested in whether causatives in Hindi take obligatorily
assisted causees when the verb is ingestive (e.g. 2), but not otherwise.
Sinhala is like this, for example.


Gavin Austin
U of New England
(examples from Saksena 1980)

Linguistic Field(s): Syntax

Subject Language(s): Hindi (hin)

Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Please report any bad links or misclassified data

LINGUIST Homepage | Read LINGUIST | Contact us

NSF Logo

While the LINGUIST List makes every effort to ensure the linguistic relevance of sites listed
on its pages, it cannot vouch for their contents.