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LINGUIST List 19.3280

Wed Oct 29 2008

Qs: Javanese Ngoko-Krama Resemblances

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        1.    Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy, Javanese Ngoko-Krama Resemblances


Message 1: Javanese Ngoko-Krama Resemblances
Date: 28-Oct-2008
From: Andrew Carstairs-McCarthy <andrew.carstairs-mccarthycanterbury.ac.nz>
Subject: Javanese Ngoko-Krama Resemblances
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Javanese has two vocabularies of open-class items: Ngoko (for use among
social equals) and Krama or Krômô (for use when speaking to a social
superior). Many Ngoko-Krama pairs bear no phonological resemblance to each
other. On the other hand, some Ngoko-Krama pairs are similar in one of
several ways listed by Soepomo Poedjosoedarmo in 'Javanese speech levels'
page 64-6 (Indonesia, Vol. 6 (Oct. 1968), pp. 54-81).

Poedjosoedarmo comments: 'The exact rules for the formation of the
predictable Krômô forms are quite complicated and further research will
need to be done before they can be formulated adequately.'

Can anyone tell me of more recent publications on this matter, in European
languages? (Regrettably I cannot read Javanese or Indonesian.) I will
post a summary.

Andrew

Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
                            Phonology

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