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LINGUIST List 19.3465

Fri Nov 14 2008

Confs: Phonetics/France

Editor for this issue: Stephanie Morse <morselinguistlist.org>


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        1.    Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho, Exposé de Michael Kenstowicz


Message 1: Exposé de Michael Kenstowicz
Date: 11-Nov-2008
From: Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho <joaquim.brandaouniv-paris8.fr>
Subject: Exposé de Michael Kenstowicz
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Exposé de Michael Kenstowicz

Date: 17-Nov-2008 - 17-Nov-2008
Location: Paris, France
Contact: Joaquim Brandão de Carvalho
Contact Email: joaquim.brandaouniv-paris8.fr
Meeting URL: http://www.umr7023.cnrs.fr/

Linguistic Field(s): Phonology

Meeting Description:

Conf. de Michael J. Kenstowicz : 'Emphatic Consonants and the Adaptation of
Vowels in French Loanwords into Moroccan Arabic'

Michael J. Kenstowicz (M.I.T.) fera l'exposé suivant
''Emphatic Consonants and the Adaptation of Vowels in French Loanwords into
Moroccan Arabic''
(Joint research with Nabila Louriz, University Hassan II)

Le lundi 17 novembre de 10:00-12:00, Université Paris 8, bâtiment D, salle à
préciser, dans le cadre du séminaire bi-mensuel de l'UMR 7023 ''Structures
formelles du Langage''.

Comment vous rendre à Paris 8 : http://www.umr7023.cnrs.fr/spip.php?article86

La salle D143 étant exceptionnellement indisponible ce jour-là, la salle dans
laquelle se tiendra cette séance du séminaire sera indiquée en ligne à
http://www.umr7023.cnrs.fr/spip.php?article667 dès que possible.

Résumé :

It is well known that redundant (enhancing) features in a vowel can signal a
phonemic contrast in an adjacent consonant. For example, English vowel duration
and nasality are tied directly to the voicing and nasality of a following
consonant. In Mandarin Chinese [±back] in a vowel correlates with coronal vs.
velar nasal in following consonant. Hsieh et al (2005) show that when western
loanwords with conflicting vowel and coda nasal combinations [an] and [æng] are
adapted into Mandarin, the redundant vowel rather than the distinctive consonant
determines the outcome ­ a result they attributte to the relative saliency of
the phonologically redundant vocalic difference vis a vis the consonant. In his
groundbreaking study of borrowings into Moroccan Arabic, Heath (1989) identified
another striking example of this phenomenon, observing that the mid vowels of
French are preserved by introducing emphasis (pharyngealization) on
the consonants in the loan /MukeT/. He also pointed to the variability of the
phenomenon since Spanish muñeca is borrowed as MA /munik-a/ rather than
/muNek-a/ or /MuNek-a/. In this presentation we review the results of a detailed
study of this phenomenon from a corpus of c. 1,800 French loans. We discuss the
competing phonological and phonetic factors that underlie the adaptations and
appear to give rise to its variability.
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