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LINGUIST List 19.3896

Thu Dec 18 2008

Qs: Prenominal Adjectives with Complements

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        1.    Ina Schlafke, Prenominal Adjectives with Complements

Message 1: Prenominal Adjectives with Complements
Date: 17-Dec-2008
From: Ina Schlafke <ina.schlafkehotmail.com>
Subject: Prenominal Adjectives with Complements
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Dear List members,

I am a student at the University of Wuppertal (North-Rhine Westphalia)
studying English.

I am currently working on the distribution of adnominal adjectives within
the DP from a cross-linguistic point of view, thus I do not only deal with
English and German, but with many Romance and Balkan languages as well as
with Japanese. From what I have found so far in the literature, it seems
that there is a restriction on prenominal adjectives in some languages in
that they do not take prepositional complements:

* The proud of his son father. (English)

*un orgulloso de su fanilia nino (Spanish)
a proud of his family boy

*un fier de son fils home (French)
a proud of his son man

Il suoi fedeli (*alla causa) sostenitori (Italian)
the their faithful (to the cause) supporters

However, other languages allow for prenominal adjectives to take
complements in prenominal position, e.g. German, Greek, and the Balkan
languages Albanian, Romanian and Bulgarian:

i [periphani ja to jot tis] mitera (Greek)
the proud for the son her mother

die [auf ihren Sohn stolze] Mutter (German)
the on her son proud mother

mnogo vernijat na zena si muz (Bulgarian)
very true-the to wife his man
‘the man very true to his wife’

I have already read many papers on Japanese adjectives but I could not find
any information on whether prenominal adjectives in Japanese can take a
complement or not. I would be grateful if you could answer my urgent
question and provide me with some data on that matter or point me towards
related papers and/or grammars that contain relevant data.

Thank you very much in advance.
Best regards, Ina.

Linguistic Field(s): Syntax

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