LINGUIST List 2.331

Sunday, 30 June 1991

FYI: Fonts, International Congress of Linguists

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  1. , Re: Diacritics, orthography, type design, font format
  2. BELCOURT belcourt, CIL92

Message 1: Re: Diacritics, orthography, type design, font format

Date: Thu, 27 Jun 91 13:53:51 PDT
From: <jDo%polaris.sjc.MENTORG.COMRICEVM1.RICE.EDU>
Subject: Re: Diacritics, orthography, type design, font format
I have delved some more into PostScript's specifications for kerning
and composing, and would like to share the things I have found,
continuing the thread which Charles Bigelow had started in [Linguist
List, Vol. 2, No. 0295] from Mon, 10 Jun 91 22:16:36 PDT.
1/ The basic rendering mechanism takes a character, abbreviated c ,
and performs the following transformation:
 c --> code(c) --> name(c) --> glyph(c) (1)
 code(c) is the character code value for c ;
 name(c) is the PostScript name (from the Encoding dictionary);
 glyph(c) is the rendering of c (from the CharStrings dictionary).
2/ The Adobe Font Metric (AFM) file for each font specifies kerning and
composite font information so that, for a given set of characters (two
characters in this example), we get:
 c1 c2 --> ... ? ... --> kerned_glyph(c1,c2) (2)
 c1 c2 --> ... ? ... --> composite_glyph(c1,c2) (3)
through some internal [?] transformation, where:
 kerned_glyph(c1,c2) "kerns" c1 and c2 ;
 composite_glyph(c1,c2) "composes" c1 and c2 .
It turns out that relative positions in x- and y-directions can be
specified in both kerning and composing, according to the AFM 3.0 specs.
Relative sizes may *not* be specified, however.
3/ Finally -- this is the crucial point why character encoding in
precomposed or separable architectures really does *depend* on
rendering technology, but does *not* matter for PostScript -- the AFM
file allows ligatures to be specified, so that:
 c1 c2 --> ... ? ... --> ligature_name(c1,c2) (4)
and thus can be fed into the latter part of formula (1). This
methodology allows for high fidelity in rendering, especially when
relative positioning of the components is inadequate.
I hope that the above does not contain any glaring error(s), because it
is based only on a reading of PostScript documentation, and not on any
real implementation. I would, therefore, really appreciate any
correction(s) and/or clarification(s) to this posting.
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Message 2: CIL92

Date: Thu, 27 Jun 91 14:30:33 HAE
Subject: CIL92
[The following is an abridged version of the CIL circular. A complete
version may be obtained from by sending the
following message:
 get cil92
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XVth International Congress of Linguists
Quebec, Canada, August 9-14, 1992
2nd circular
(This is the final version of the second circular that will be
sent to all who have already completed the answer card of the
first circular. It will be mailed by the beginning of July)
General information
Special topic of the Congress:
"Endangered Languages"
Canadian Linguistic Association (CLA)
Permanent International Committee of Linguists (PICL)
CIL 92
Departement de langues et linguistique
Universite Laval
Quebec (Que.)
G1K 7P4 Canada
Telephone: (418) 656-2625 or 656-5323
Fax: (418) 656-2019
XVth International Congress of Linguists
Quebec, August 9-14, 1992
Organized by Universite Laval in collaboration with the
Canadian Linguistic Association (CLA)
Under the auspices of the Permanent International Committee of Linguists (PICL)
August 9-14, 1992, Universite Laval
Quebec, Canada
All visitors to Canada, except residents of the United States,
are required to have a valid passport. Citizens of some countries
are also required to have a visa. All enquiries should be
addressed to the closest Canadian embassy, consulate or high
Please refer to pages 13 and 14 of this brochure and return forms
#3 and #4.
 participants accompanying students*
>From 91/05/01 214.00 (U.S.) 107.00 (U.S.) 160.50 (U.S.)
to 91/12/31 251.45 (Can.) 133.75 (Can.) 187.25 (Can.)
>From 92/01/01 285.00 (U.S.) 142.50 (U.S.) 171.00 (U.S.)
to 92/08/09 342.00 (Can.) 171.00 (Can.) 199.00 (Can.)
Congress fees may be paid by credit card (American Express,
MasterCard, Visa) or by Money order or Bank cheque to CIL 92.
In the event of cancellation, part of the registration fee
will be refunded (75% before February 28, 1992, 50% from
March 1, 1992 to May 31, 1992). There will be no reimbursement
for cancellations received at the Congress office after May 31,
1992. However, those concerned will be sent Congress registration
packages, including publications.
* Only participants with an official letter from their
 university certifying their student status will pay
 the student registration fee.
** All taxes included in the registration fees.
1. Sounds, phonemes and intonation
2. The word (morphology, lexicology, lexicography, terminology)
3. The sentence (syntax, function, etc.)
4. Meaning (semantics, lexical meaning, grammatical meaning, etc.)
5. Spoken or written text (pragmatics, discourse analysis, etc.)
6. Language and society (sociolinguistics, linguistic variation,
 language and culture, etc.)
7. Language and the individual (psycho-linguistics, neurolinguistics,
 language acquisition, etc.)
8. The history of language
9. Language planning
10. Language learning
11. Endangered languages
12. Theoretical positions in current linguistics
13. Language and the computer
14. Pidgins and creoles
15. The history of linguistics
16. Methodology (data collection, corpora gathering and processing,
 experimentation, etc.)
17. Other (language and women, sign language, etc.)
The Program Committee hopes that linguists of all theoretical persuasions
and in all branches of the discipline will participate. If the sections do
not include a title which accomodates the subject you would like to
present, please send your abstract nevertheless, indicating section 17.
Conference papers may take the form of oral presentations or poster
sessions. Oral presentations and discussion are scheduled to last
thirty minutes. Each poster session will last two hours. The schedule
of papers will be announced in the third circular.
Participants wishing to present a paper are requested to send an
abstract before October 1, 1991. Abstracts (maximum one page,
i.e. 400 words) should conform to following specifications:
- Proposals should be submitted on a 8 1/2 x 11" (21.6 x
 27.9 cm) or A4 typewritten single-spaced page;
- An electric typewriter or good quality printer with black
 ribbon should be used;
- Any special character that cannot be typed or printed
 should be inserted in black ink;
- Five copies are required;
- Abstracts should contain:
. title and section for which the paper is intended;
. name of author;
. a clear and explicit statement of the theory or hypothesis
 to be examined;
. an indication of the main arguments or studies involved,
 including key examples, if applicable;
. a statement of conclusions reached and an assessment of
 their significance.
Abstracts which, on account of their subject matter, cannot
conform to above requirements must contain a clear statement
of the subject to be discussed, its relationship to previous
studies in the same discipline, and its general relevance.
If the material is more appropriate for poster display than
oral presentation, please indicate this both in the abstract
and on the Abstract submission form (form # 2). However, the
final decision concerning the type of presentation will be
made by the Program Committee.
Furthermore, participants are asked to provide a condensed version
of their abstract in photo-ready copy within the frame on the middle
page of this circular. It is this version which will be included in
the abstracts to be distributed to congress participants.
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