LINGUIST List 2.729

Wed 30 Oct 1991

Qs: Korean phonology, Pro-drop, Gemination

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  1. Bill Pottenger, contribution
  2. Graham Katz, English "pro-drop"
  3. , Languages with gemination phenomena

Message 1: contribution

Date: Tue, 29 Oct 1991 17:42:21 CST
From: Bill Pottenger <>
Subject: contribution
I'd like to get in touch with anyone whose done some work investigating
phonological rules for the Korean language. Specifically, if two-level
rules based on Kimmo Koskenniemi's two-level method are being or have
been worked on, I'd like to know about it. In any case I'm interested
in generative rules based on standard generative phonology as well - these
kinds of rules may greatly assist in writing the two-level rules. If you
have any information about research of this nature, please send email to I'll be using these rules along with Evan Antworth's
PC-KIMMO and Nathan Miles' (as in "s:0 <=> +:0 (0:e) s +:0 '__" :-)) kgen
to develop a description of Korean.
Bill Pottenger
NCSA Consulting
ps. above two-level s-deletion rule courtesy of Evan Antworth's "PC-KIMMO:
A Two-level Processor for Morphological Analysis"
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Message 2: English "pro-drop"

Date: Tue, 29 Oct 91 21:24:43 EST
From: Graham Katz <>
Subject: English "pro-drop"
In speech of a certain variety there is a
fairly well behaved process in which pronominal
and auxiliary elements are dropped:
a. Been planting corn all day.
b. Seems like Jake sold the farm.
c. Watch the crops for me?
d. Going home for break?
Flows pretty natural, once you get rolling.
Certainly this has been noted and discussed
in the literature, but where? Can't find it.
graham katz
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Message 3: Languages with gemination phenomena

Date: Wed, 30 Oct 1991 11:40 EDT
Subject: Languages with gemination phenomena
I am interested in the phenomenon of medial and initial gemination as a
morphological process, such as is found in Choctaw, Alabama, Keley-i and
The following is an example of medial gemination from Keley-i:
Paradigm of Future Focus.
Base: 'pili' = 'to choose'
Subject focus 	?um-pilli
Object focus		pilli-?en
Accessory focus		?i-ppili
Referential focus	pilli-?an
Beneficial focus	?i-ppili-?an
(from L. Hohulin and M. Kenstowicz. "Keley-i Phonology and Morphophonrmics"
I would be very grateful to anyone who could suggest specific languages
where similar gemination phenomena occur.
Thank you
Vieri Samek-Lodovici
Dept of Psychology
Brandeis University
Waltham 02254 MA
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