* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
LINGUIST List logo Eastern Michigan University Wayne State University *
* People & Organizations * Jobs * Calls & Conferences * Publications * Language Resources * Text & Computer Tools * Teaching & Learning * Mailing Lists * Search *
* *
LINGUIST List 20.1571

Fri Apr 24 2009

Qs: Final Fortition in Upper Alemannic

Editor for this issue: Dan Parker <danlinguistlist.org>


We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.

In addition to posting a summary, we'd like to remind people that it is usually a good idea to personally thank those individuals who have taken the trouble to respond to the query.

To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.html.
Directory
        1.    Jonathan Gress, Final Fortition in Upper Alemannic

Message 1: Final Fortition in Upper Alemannic
Date: 23-Apr-2009
From: Jonathan Gress <jgressling.upenn.edu>
Subject: Final Fortition in Upper Alemannic
E-mail this message to a friend

The usual view of the development of the laryngeal contrast in final
position is that final fortition occurred first, followed by apocope of
final schwa which triggered the loss of the fortition rule (e.g. Hock 1991
and references). Hence originally alternating 'Wääg' 'way', which leveled
the lenis from the plural, versus non-alternating 'ewëgg' 'away', where the
original fortis is retained.

However, I encountered a contrary hypothesis in a footnote in Keller 1961
(_German Dialects_, p 47, n 1), where he suggests that fortition never took
place, but instead that short vowels were lengthened before final lenes. In
that case, the contrast would only be relevant after long vowels (since
there was no concomitant shortening of long vowels before fortes).

I don't know how Keller would account for forms like 'ewëgg', but
conceivably a few isolated words with short vowels could somehow be
re-analyzed with final fortes, rather than undergo lengthening. I don't
really believe this scenario, but if this has been accepted by a number of
historical linguists working on the subject, I need to know. Any German
dialectologists out there who know of discussions along these lines?

Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics

Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue




Please report any bad links or misclassified data

LINGUIST Homepage | Read LINGUIST | Contact us

NSF Logo

While the LINGUIST List makes every effort to ensure the linguistic relevance of sites listed
on its pages, it cannot vouch for their contents.