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LINGUIST List 20.1767

Thu May 07 2009

Books: Applied Ling: Boufoy-Bastick

Editor for this issue: Hannah Morales <hannahlinguistlist.org>


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        1.    Ulrich Lueders, Academic Attainments and Cultural Values: Boufoy-Bastick

Message 1: Academic Attainments and Cultural Values: Boufoy-Bastick
Date: 05-May-2009
From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de>
Subject: Academic Attainments and Cultural Values: Boufoy-Bastick
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Title: Academic Attainments and Cultural Values
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Second Language Teaching 01
Published: 2009
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
                http://www.lincom.eu

Author: Béatrice Sylvie Boufoy-Bastick
Paperback: ISBN: 389586711X Pages: 326 Price: Europe EURO 78.20
Abstract:

Note: This is the 2nd printing of a previously announced book.

This book describes an ethnographic study of Second Language teaching in
the Fiji Isles in the South Pacific. It shows that the different cultural
expectations of Fiji's two main ethnic groups, the indigenous Fijians and
the Indo-Fijians, are manifested in different teaching practices that
result in their differential attainments. The study uses an extended
Grounded Theory methodology that has allowed for empirical generalisation
of its findings by further ethnography and census and for generalisation of
its theoretical constructs by further mixed method analysis. The motivation
that emerged for the study was the local concern over the differential
educational attainments of the two groups. The ethnography used historical
archival and current documents, together with community and institutional
interviews and observations over a four year period, to contrast Fijian and
Indian socio-cultural expectations, and their matching behaviours, for
teaching and learning English as a Second Language. The methodology
resulted in the recognition of three major cultural constructs that
describe the different behaviours serving the differential social
expectations and cultural intentions of the two groups. The constructs were
validated both ethnographically and by census and allowed the
identification of social fractionalisation and cultural incursion.
Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the data from the study enabled
the three constructs to be developed into a generalisable conceptual
framework for predicting differential classroom behaviours in multicultural
societies.

The innovative research methods and the generalisable instrument developed
for measuring cultural identity which were used for the study are
described. These include:

(i) a method of quantitative data collection and analysis, namely
collection of proportional ratings allowing calculations of grounded
preferences for more rigorous analysis;

(ii) methods of qualitative analysis to resolve issues of etic/emic
confounding, namely separation of etic and emic meanings during analysis
and a method of validating emic meanings that minimised etic intrusions;

(iii) methods of qualitative reporting, using bipolar and modal grounded
composites to maintain validity during extensive ethnographic data
reduction; and

(iv) a generalisable 'Cultural Index', which is an efficient grounded
instrument consisting of Primary and Relative cultural indices used for
defining cultural identity and for predicting culturally-determined behaviours.

This study evidences the paramount influence of cultural expectations on
differential educational attainments in multicultural societies.

Keywords: Béatrice Boufoy-Bastick; Second language teaching; ESL; Language
and culture, Fijians; Indo-Fijians.

2009/2nd printing.

Linguistic Field(s): Applied Linguistics

Written In: English (eng )

See this book announcement on our website:
http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=41528


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