LINGUIST List 20.197|
Wed Jan 21 2009
Qs: Enclitics vs Proclitics
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Enclitics vs Proclitics
Message 1: Enclitics vs Proclitics
From: Fay Wouk <f.woukauckland.ac.nz>
Subject: Enclitics vs Proclitics
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How does one determine whether a form is cliticized to the preceding or the
following word? I am working with Sasak, an Austronesian language that
makes regular use of reduced forms of pronouns. They encliticize to verbs,
but can also precede the verb, in which they could be analyzed as
procliticized to the verb, or as encliticized to the preceding auxiliary,
negative particle, adverb or conjunction. In the dialect I am currently
working with, sometimes they are clearly procliticized to the verb, as
there is no preceding element. In other cases they are clearly encliticized
to the preceding element, as shown by the presence of a ligature (e.g. mele
(want) + ku (1sg) becomes melengku). In other cases, where there is a
preceding element but no ligature, on what basis can one decide? Is it
better to look for phonological evidence, and if so, of what type, or is
there some other type of evidence that would be useful?
Please reply directly to me (f.woukauckland.ac.nz) and I will post a
summary to the list.
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