* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
LINGUIST List logo Eastern Michigan University Wayne State University *
* People & Organizations * Jobs * Calls & Conferences * Publications * Language Resources * Text & Computer Tools * Teaching & Learning * Mailing Lists * Search *
* *
LINGUIST List 20.3000

Tue Sep 08 2009

Diss: Lang Acq/Phonetics: Cristia: 'Individual Variation in Infant...'

Editor for this issue: Di Wdzenczny <dilinguistlist.org>


To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.html.
Directory
        1.    Alejandrina Cristia, Individual Variation in Infant Speech Perception: Implications for language acquisition theories

Message 1: Individual Variation in Infant Speech Perception: Implications for language acquisition theories
Date: 07-Sep-2009
From: Alejandrina Cristia <alecristiagmail.com>
Subject: Individual Variation in Infant Speech Perception: Implications for language acquisition theories
E-mail this message to a friend

Institution: Purdue University
Program: Linguistics Program
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2009

Author: Alejandrina Cristia

Dissertation Title: Individual Variation in Infant Speech Perception:
Implications for language acquisition theories

Linguistic Field(s): Language Acquisition
Phonetics


Dissertation Director(s):
Mary Beckman
Amanda Seidl
Lisa Goffman
Alexander Francis

Dissertation Abstract:

To what extent does language acquisition recruit domain-general processing
mechanisms? In this dissertation, evidence concerning this question is
garnered from the study of individual differences in infant speech
perception and their predictive value with respect to language development
in early childhood. In the first experiment, variation in the processing of
a linguistic unit at six months was found to predict vocabulary development
at around 2 years of age, whereas processing of a non-unit did not. In the
second experiment, one possible source for that variation in linguistic
performance was assessed, namely information processing abilities. Infants
were tested on the same linguistic task as in Experiment 1, and on a
well-researched task that yields a measure of information processing in
infancy. No covariance was found between measures gathered in the
linguistic and the information processing tasks. In a third experiment, the
impact of variation in the infants' input on their speech processing was
investigated. Correlations between infants' performance in a speech sound
discrimination task and acoustic characteristics of their primary
caregivers' speech were investigated. Two types of acoustic characteristics
were measured; some were not relevant to the speech sound being tested, but
are known to influence infants' attention and learning (pitch and pitch
modulations); others were specific to the contrast tested. Results suggested
that only those characteristics relevant to the contrast being tested affected
infants' speech processing. In sum, these three experiments and extensive
literature reviews suggest specific ways in which domain-general factors (such
as attentional mechanisms) are involved in infants' development of linguistic
knowledge. While these factors appear to play a role in the learning of
phonological units, their influence may not be evident once linguistic categories
are already established.
Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue




Please report any bad links or misclassified data

LINGUIST Homepage | Read LINGUIST | Contact us

NSF Logo

While the LINGUIST List makes every effort to ensure the linguistic relevance of sites listed
on its pages, it cannot vouch for their contents.