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LINGUIST List 20.3265

Sun Sep 27 2009

Calls: Arawakan Lang, Phonology, Syntax/Colombia

Editor for this issue: Kate Wu <katelinguistlist.org>

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        1.    Camilo Alberto Robayo Romero, AMAZONICAS III: Phonology and Syntax

Message 1: AMAZONICAS III: Phonology and Syntax
Date: 22-Sep-2009
From: Camilo Alberto Robayo Romero <carobayorunal.edu.co>
Subject: AMAZONICAS III: Phonology and Syntax
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Full Title: AMAZONICAS III: Phonology and Syntax

Date: 19-Apr-2010 - 24-Apr-2010
Location: Bogotá, Colombia
Contact Person: Camilo Alberto Robayo Romero
Meeting Email: amazonIII_fchbogunal.edu.co
Web Site: http://www.humanas.unal.edu.co/amazonicas3

Linguistic Field(s): Phonology; Syntax

Language Family(ies): Arawakan

Call Deadline: 01-Dec-2009

Meeting Description:

International Conference
AMAZONICAS III: Phonology and Syntax
Date: April 19 - 24, 2010
Place: Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá

The first two Amazonicas meetings, held in 2007 and 2008, were the successful
outcome of an international project between several linguistic research centers:
the Chair of Amazonian Languages at the VU University Amsterdam, CELIA
(CNRS-IRD) Paris, INPA Manaus and UFAM Manaus. The third edition, hosted by the
Universidad Nacional de Colombia UNAL in Bogotá and supported by the Instituto
Francés de Estudios Andinos IFEA, will be co-organized by the former teams and a
French-Colombian ECOS-Nord project (UNAL - U. Toulouse 2) focusing on
phonological and grammatical typology of Colombian languages.

Call for Papers

The focus topics of this meeting are:
1) The phonetics and phonology of laryngeal features (coordinators: Leo Wetzels,
Elsa Gomez-Imbert, Frantomé Pacheco)
2) Valency increasing strategies (coordinators: Francesc Queixalós, Ana Carla Bruno)
3) Lexical categorization (coordinators: Elsa Gomez-Imbert, Ana María Ospina Bozzi)
4) The expression of spatial notions (coordinators: Ana María Ospina Bozzi, Elsa
5) Valency increasing mechanisms in Arawakan languages (coordinators: Françoise
Rose, Frank Seifart, Lev Michael)

Future meetings will always include, besides thematic sessions on Amazonian
languages, a workshop centered on a specific language family, which will be the
Arawakan this year.

Scientific Committee :
Ana Carla BRUNO,
Frantomé PACHECO,
Françoise ROSE,

Camilo Robayo UNAL carobayorunal.edu.co,
Elsa Gomez-Imbert IFEA gomezimbuniv-tlse2.fr,
Leo WETZELS wlm.wetzelslet.vu.nl,
Francesc QUEIXALOS qxlsvjf.cnrs.fr ,
Ana Carla BRUNO abrunoinpa.gov.br,
Françoise Rose Francoise.Roseuniv-lyon2.fr.

Submission of Abstracts:
Anonymous abstracts (max 200 words) should be sent to the corresponding thematic
coordinators before 1st December, 2009. Please send a separate attachment,
copied to amazonIII_fchbogunal.edu.co with your name, institutional
affiliation and contact details. You may submit more than one proposal.

Notification for acceptance: 1st January, 2010.

Thematic Information:

1. The phonetics and phonology of laryngeal features

In the indigenous languages of South-America, the features that specify the
glottal states of sounds (voice [+/- voice], aspiration [+/- spread glottis],
glottalization [+/- constricted glottis]) often interact with other features.
For example, glottalization may cause a creaky voice realization of contiguous
vowels, implosivization or (pre)nasalization are often seen in combination with
voicing, voicelessness of onsets or codas may restrict the number of contrastive
tones in a syllable etc. Similarly, from a diachronic perspective,
glottalization may lead to a creaky voice opposition in vowels (or both),
aspiration may devoice consonants and vowels, prenasalized consonants may
develop into a series of plain nasal consonants, glottalization and aspiration
as well as voicing may lead to tonal oppositions. In a context where the
theoretical status of tone features is under debate (see the conference Tones
and features, in honor of G. Nick Clements, Paris, 18-19 June 2009), the
synchronic interaction processes of phonological tones with laryngeal features
observed in several Amazonian languages is of great relevance for this debate.
Also important is the fact that laryngeal features may present a strong tendency
to function as prosodic features, as tones do, and may be used as devices to
identify morphemic classes. The phonological session of the conference welcomes
papers that deal with the phonetics and phonology of laryngeal features and
tone, from a synchronic or diachronic perspective. Submissions may address
interactions of the kind exemplified above, but may also study different kinds
of problems related to glottal features.

Anonymous submissions should be send to: Leo Wetzels wlm.wetzelslet.vu.nl
and Elsa Gomez-Imbert gomezimbuniv-tlse2.fr.

Keynote speaker: Larry Hyman, University of California at Berkeley.

2. Valency increasing strategies

The languages of the Americas are rich and diverse with regard to the two main
mechanisms for valency increasing, i.e. causative and applicative (see Shibatani
2002, and Craig & Halle 1988, respectively). The Amazon is no exception in this
respect, and in fact, in this area, constructions such as the comitative
causative are found particularly frequently (Rose & Guillaume, forthcoming). We
propose to collect original Amazonian data with respect to valency increasing,
and discuss the question of how the languages of this region contribute to the
knowledge of these mechanisms at the general typological level. Below we supply
a few more specific topics that would be interesting to address in submissions
and during the discussions. At first sight, causative and applicative do not
have much in common besides the introduction of a new central participant in the
conditions of existence described by the predicate. In languages in which there
is a clear hierarchy of grammatical relations, this new participant usually
enters the scene through the top (subject) in the causative, and through the
bottom (object) in the applicative. Both, however, have a similar effect on the
object position, since the latter should host the participant that is thereby
being demoted (in the case of the causative) or promoted (for the applicative):
In verbs with a single argument the object position is created, whereas in verbs
that allow two object slots this brings about a competition between the
participant originally occupying the object position and the demoted / promoted

On more formal grounds, it will be useful to test the idea that a verb derived
by an increase in valency cannot take more core arguments than the maximum
allowed by the non-derived verbs in the lexicon (Haspelmath & Muller-Bradey
2004). For example, a language without three-place verbs would not retain more
than two arguments in the applicative or causative of a two-place verb. The most
interesting aspect of the morphosyntax of causatives is the fate of the causee.
Usually, languages choose between two basic strategies, which we can refer to as
'leap-frog' and 'push-chain'. The first, attested in a way by Émérillon and
clearly identified long ago by Comrie (1974) in French, Turkish and other
languages, leads the causee, deprived of its subject position, to take the first
free position in a descending hierarchy of grammatical relations ((subject >)
direct object > indirect object > adjunct). The second, exemplified by Sikuani,
invariably forces the causee to take the direct object position, while the
participant that happened to be there moves to the indirect object position. A
three-place causativised verb should relegate an original indirect object to an
adjunct role. This game of musical chairs in which the causative and the
applicative engage has an effect on case as well as on grammatical relations,
and if a zone of objects is created as a consequence of it, the result in terms
of ranking should be checked for both domains: The Korean causative creates a
double accusative but not a double object, since only one has the syntactic
properties of the object of a divalent verb; the Bantu applicative results in
two objects whose hierarchy varies following the syntactic test we perform
(passivization and so on) on the applicative construction."

Several semantic subtypes of causative can co-occur in one and the same
grammatical system. The most common are the direct type - make X VRB - the
inductive - have X VRB - the permissive - let X VRB - the assistive - help VRB X
- and, as we have seen, the comitative - have X VRB while VRBing oneself. Often,
these types make use of different formal material and rely on subtle
distinctions involving a difference in the controlling capacity of the causer
and the causee. Recent Tupi-Guarani studies have shown that the well-known use
of two different constructions depending on the valence of the causativised verb
does not rest, at least in certain languages, on the formal category of valency,
but is instead dependent on the semantic clue of degree of agentivity retained
by the causee. This could shed light on an affinity often observed
cross-linguistically between the direct type of causative and single-argument
verbs. The applicative is commonly used to bring closer to the center of the
scene a participant whose semantic role, given a particular verb, forces it to
surface as an adjunct. A human entity, especially a speech act participant,
indirectly affected by or interested in the situation described, is the ideal
candidate for applicative promotion, but other roles are also eligible, such as
instrument or location.

On the diachronic side, the causative generally displays a stage on the axis of
grammaticalization that goes from a bi-propositional construction where the main
lexical verb is the non-finite complement of a causal verb of the type make - a
periphrastic causative - up to a single propositional construction marking
causation by a mere affix. The semantics described above can take advantage of
this formal difference when the latter is present in one single language.
Applicative morphemes often involve forms akin to adpositions, and less
commonly, etc. The morphology of the applicative, as we know, results from a
kind of incorporation, often involving adpositions, and less commonly verbs or
even nouns (Baker 1988). Depending on the developmental diachronic stage of
grammaticalization, the etymology of the applicative morpheme is more or less
transparent. Because grammaticalization only represents the initial part of the
axis of semantic demotivation that a given element undergoes, the process can
extend up to lexicalization.

Anonymous submissions should be send to: Francesc Queixalós qxlsvjf.cnrs.fr
and Ana Carla Bruno abrunoinpa.gov.br .

Baker, M. (1988). Incorporation. A Theory of Grammatical Function Changing.
Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
Comrie, B. (1974). 'Causatives and universal grammar'. Transactions of the
Philological Society, 1-32.
Craig, C. & Hale, K (1988). 'Relational preverbs in some languages of the
Americas: Typological and historical perspectives'. Language 64, 312-344.
Haspelmath. M. & Müller-Bardey, Th. (2004). 'Valency change'. Booij, G. &
Lehmann, C. & Mugdan, J. (eds.) Morphology:A Handbook on Inflection and
Word Formation. vol. 2. (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissen-schaft)
Berlin: de Gruyter, pp. 1130-1145.
Shibatani. M. (ed.), (2002). The grammar of causation and interpersonal
manipulation Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.

3. Lexical categorisation

In a typological perspective, the identification of universal lexical categories
is problematic. In amerindian languages, the universal status of noun and verb
is already difficult to establish (see Lois & Vapnarsky 2006 for a synthesis).
Still more problematic is the universality of adjectives. For Dixon (2004),
adjectives are a universal part of speech, while for Palancar (2006) and several
authors in the Lois & Vapnarsky volume, adjectives are not an independent
lexical class. We wish to explore more deeply the expression of property/quality
concepts in South-American languages, mainly the phonological, morphosyntactic,
semantic and pragmatic criteria that contribute to their identification as a
class. We are particularly interested in the contribution of phonological
criteria such as prosodic minimality, tonal or accentual specification, to the
identification of lexical categories.

Anonymous submissions should be send to: Elsa Gomez-Imbert
gomezimbuniv-tlse2.fr and Ana María Ospina amospinabbt.unal.edu.co.

Keynote speaker : Valentina Vapnarsky, CNRS-EREA, Paris.

Croft William. Parts of Speech as language universals and as language-
particular categories. pp. 65-102. In: Vogel & Comrie (eds.).
Approaches to the typology of world classes. Serie: Empirical approaches to
language typology; 23. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2000.
Haspelmath Martin. Pre-established categories don't exist: Consequences for
language description and typology. Linguistic typology 11 (2007). Hengeveld
Kees. 2005. Parts of speech. In: Anstey & Mackenzie (eds.)
Crucial readings in functional grammar. Berlin, New York. Mouton de Gruyter. pp.
Hopper Paul, Thomson Sandra. The Discourse Basis for Lexical Categories in
Universal Grammar. Language, Vol. 60, No. 4 (Dec., 1984), pp. 703-752.
Langacker Ronald W. Nouns and Verbs. Language, Vol. 63, No. 1 (Mar.,1987), pp.
Dixon R. M. W. 2004. Adjective classes in typological perspective. In R. M. W.
Dixon and A. A. Aikhenvald (eds.) Adjective classes A cross-linguistic typology.
Lois Ximena, Vapnarsky Valentina (eds). 2006. Lexical categories and root
classes in Amerindian Languages. Bern: Peter Lang.

4. Expression of spatial notions

In South American languages, motion and location as co-events or associated
motion are expressed using different strategies which include verbal
serialization or composition (tatuyo, barasana, yuhup, hup), auxiliarization
(sikuani), directionals and/or locatives affixation, associated motion,
adverbial adpositions etc. We propose first a general exploration of the many
ways of expressing equivalent spatial notions in languages appealing to the
strategies previously mentioned. Second, we are particularly interested in their
codification through serial verb constructions, a device recently identified as
recurrent in several Amazonian languages. Third, given that the series in this
area are frequently of the contiguous and incorporating type, their status as
either series or compounds is a matter of debate we would like to pursue in this

Anonymous submissions should be send to: Ana María Ospina
amospinabbt.unal.edu.co and Elsa Gomez-Imbert gomezimbuniv-tlse2.fr.

Keynote speaker: Antoine Guillaume, CNRS & Université Lyon 2.

Aikhenvald Alexandra Y., Dixon R. M. W. (eds.). 2006. Serial verb constructions.
A cross-linguistic typology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Crowley. 2002. Linguistic Typology and Serial Verbs. In: Serial verbs in
Oceanic: a descriptive typology. Oxford University Press.
Durie Mark. 1997. Grammatical structures in verb serialization. In: Alsina Alex,
Bresnan Joan & Sells Peter (eds) Complex Predicates. CSLI Publications, pp.
Guillaume Antoine. 2006. La catégorie du 'mouvement associé' en cavineña: apport
à une typologie de l'encodage du mouvement et de la trajectoire. Bulletin de la
Société de Linguistique de Paris, 101:1, pp. 415-436.
Talmy Leonard. 2003. Lexicalization patterns. pp. 21-146. In: Toward a Cognitive
Semantics. Volume II: Typology and Process in Concept Structuring. Cambridge
(Massachusetts), London (England): The MIT Press.
Senft Gunter. 2004. What do we really know about serial verb constructions in
Austronesian and Papuan languages? In : Bril Isabelle & Ozanne-Rivierre
Françoise, eds., Complex predicates in Oceanic languages: 49-64. Mouton de Gruyter.

5. Valency increasing strategies in Arawakan languages

In order to trigger comparison among Arawak languages and to foster tighter
cooperation among specialists of the family, we invite abstracts for papers on
valency-increasing devices in Arawak languages. Arawak languages are known for
displaying a great variety of morphological valency-increasing devices,
especially causatives and applicatives (Wise 1990; 2002; Aikhenvald 1999; Payne
2002). Surprisingly, several of them can sometimes occur simultaneously on the
same root. Interesting points to examine concern the form, position, and origin
of the markers, their relation with thematic syllables, transitivizers,
so-called "attributives" and word-class changing derivations. The following
parameters are particularly worth looking at for causatives: compatibility with
root transitivity and semantic type of causation (direct, indirect, coercitive,
sociative - according to the
involvement of the causer), and for applicatives: semantic type (thematic role
of the applied object). The possibility for a verb root to take several such
markers could also be investigated. We welcome initial descriptions of
valency-increasing devices in underdescribed Arawak languages, as well as
in-depth studies of individual devices, and comparative papers. Papers may be
presented in English, Spanish, or Portuguese.

Anonymous abstracts should be sent to Francoise.Roseuniv-lyon2.fr

Aikhenvald, A., 1999, "The Arawak language family", in The Amazonian languages,
R. M. W. Dixon and A. Aikhenvald (eds), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge,
pp. 65-106.
Payne, D., 2002, "Causatives in Asheninka", in The Grammar of Causation and
Interpersonal Manipulation, M. Shibatani (ed), John Benjamins, Amsterdam, pp.
Wise, M., 1990, "Valence-Changing Affixes in Maipuran Arawakan Languages", in
Amazonian Linguistics, Studies in Lowland South American Languages, D. Payne
(ed), University of Texas Press, Austin, pp. 89-116.
Wise, M., 2002, "Applicative affixes in Peruvian Amazonian Languages", in
Current studies on South American Languages, M. Crevels, S. Van de Kerke, S.
Meira and H. Van der Voort (eds), CNWS Publications, Leiden.
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