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LINGUIST List 20.3612

Mon Oct 26 2009

Books: Sociolinguistics/Phonology: Hoffman

Editor for this issue: Hannah Morales <hannahlinguistlist.org>

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        1.    Ulrich Lueders, Salvadorian Spanish in Toronto: Hoffman

Message 1: Salvadorian Spanish in Toronto: Hoffman
Date: 25-Oct-2009
From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de>
Subject: Salvadorian Spanish in Toronto: Hoffman
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Title: Salvadorian Spanish in Toronto
Subtitle: Phonological variation among Salvadorian Youth in a Multilectal, Multilingual Context
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Romance Linguistics 63
Published: 2009
Publisher: Lincom GmbH

Author: Michol Hoffman
Paperback: ISBN: 9783895865633 Pages: 221 Price: Europe EURO 64.30

This monograph offers an investigation of linguistic and social constraints
on three variables (syllable- and word-final (s), syllable-initial (s) and
word-final (n) in the Spanish of Salvadorian youth living in Toronto,
Canada. Both final (s) and final (n) have been investigated extensively in
many varieties of Spanish. However, most of these analyses have focused on
Caribbean varieties. This study presents a multivariate analysis of (s) and
(n) in Salvadorian Spanish, a lesser-studied variety. Furthermore, these
speakers are members of Toronto's diverse Spanish-speaking population,
represented by many regional and social varieties in an English-dominant.

A multivariate analysis of linguistic factors constraining final (s)
reveals that both phonological and grammatical constraints contribute to
variation. /s/ deletion is favoured by following continuants, a constraint
also found for /n/ deletion. An analysis of /s/ deletion offers little
evidence supporting functionalist hypotheses governing variation. Findings
for position in noun phrase are similar to those found in previous studies
(Poplack 1980, Alba 1990).

The variant realization of final (n) is also governed by phonological
constraints. As in previous studies (e.g. Cedergren 1972, Lipski 1984),
following vowels and following pause favour velar [ŋ], as do following
velars. Following continuants favour /n/ deletion. Functional motivations
do not appear to contribute to /n/ deletion.

Social factors contribute to the variant realizations of both (s) and (n).
An analysis of social factors reveals clear social stratification for (s):
/s/ retention, the variant with the most overt prestige, is favoured by
women and speakers with the highest socio-economic status. The overtly
positive evaluation for [s] is confirmed in an analysis of speech styles
where rates of /s/ retention rise to almost 100% in the more careful styles
(reading passage and word list).

Social factors also govern (n). While overtly prestigious [n] remains the
most frequent variant overall, velar [ŋ], a traditionally stigmatized
variant is favoured by speakers from the highest socio-economic group.

Furthermore, rates of the velar and deleted variants remain consistent
across speech styles. These patterns point to differences in the social
salience and meaning of (s) and (n) for these Salvadorian youth in Toronto.

Linguistic Field(s): Phonology

Subject Language(s): Spanish (spa)

Written In: English (eng )

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