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LINGUIST List 20.691

Thu Mar 05 2009

Books: Phonetics/Phonology/Linguistic Theories: Beňuš

Editor for this issue: Fatemeh Abdollahi <fatemehlinguistlist.org>

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        1.    Ulrich Lueders, Optimality Theory and Phonetics-Phonology Interface: Beňuš

Message 1: Optimality Theory and Phonetics-Phonology Interface: Beňuš
Date: 02-Mar-2009
From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de>
Subject: Optimality Theory and Phonetics-Phonology Interface: Beňuš
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Title: Optimality Theory and Phonetics-Phonology Interface
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 40
Published: 2009
Publisher: Lincom GmbH

Author: Štefan Beňuš
Paperback: ISBN: 9783895863950 Pages: 151 Price: Europe EURO 64

Optimality Theory and Phonetics-Phonology Interface

Štefan Beňuš
Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra

The book presents Optimality Theory (OT) as the most influential recent
framework for theoretical phonological analyses, and proposes an OT model
for analyzing the relationship between continuous and discrete aspects of
the cognitive system of human speech. The first three chapters present the
essential OT tools and practical descriptions of their use in data
analysis. The fourth chapter is the core of the book. It starts with a
detailed description of the phonological and phonetic properties of
transparent vowels /i/ and /e/ in Hungarian vowel harmony. Then, it
proposes extensions of the OT tools using the notions of non-linear
dynamics. Finally, the chapter presents a formal OT model that accounts for
the relationship between the phonetic and phonological characteristics of
transparent vowels.


0. Preview

1. Introduction

2. Optimality Theory
2.1. Optimality Theory and real life decision making
2.2. OT and phonology
2.2.1. OT constraints: Faithfulness and markedness
2.2.2. Input-output mapping and other characteristics
2.3. OT vs. SPE

3. OT and the interface between phonetic-phonology
3.1. Discretization (chunking) of continuous phonetic dimensions
3.2. Representation of speech sounds

4. Integrating OT and dynamics: the case of Hungarian vowel harmony
4.1. Phonology and phonetics of Hungarian transparent vowels
4.1.1. Phonological description
4.1.2. Review of some formal analyses of transparency in palatal harmony
4.1.3. Phonetic observations Articulatory characteristics of transparent vowels Perceptual characteristics
4.2. Explaining the observed Hungarian patterns: Phonetic nature of
4.3. OT tools for the analysis of Hungarian
4.3.1. Dynamic definition of OT constraints and their evaluation
4.3.2. OT constraints for vowel harmony and their evaluation
4.3.3. Markedness constraint: AGREE Stem-internal harmony Stem-suffix harmony
4.3.4. Faithfulness IDENT constraints
4.3.5. Phonological categories and dynamic OT
4.3.6. Summary of the developed OT tools
4.4. OT analysis of Hungarian vowel harmony
4.4.1. Transparency
4.4.2. Opacity
4.4.3. Vacillation
4.4.4. Monosyllabic stems
4.5. Typological considerations
4.6. Summary of the OT model

5. Conclusions and future research

6. References

ISBN 9783895863950. LINCOM Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 40. 151pp. 2009.

Linguistic Field(s): Phonetics
                            Linguistic Theories
                            Theoretical Linguistics

Subject Language(s): Hungarian (hun)

Written In: English (eng )

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