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LINGUIST List 20.782

Tue Mar 10 2009

Books: Morphology/Syntax: Asbury - Syntax/Semantics/Pragmatics: Repp

Editor for this issue: Fatemeh Abdollahi <fatemehlinguistlist.org>

Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
        1.    Parcival von Schmid, The Morphosyntax of Case and Adpositions: Asbury
        2.    Elyse Turr, Negation in Gapping: Repp

Message 1: The Morphosyntax of Case and Adpositions: Asbury
Date: 07-Mar-2009
From: Parcival von Schmid <lotuu.nl>
Subject: The Morphosyntax of Case and Adpositions: Asbury
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Title: The Morphosyntax of Case and Adpositions
Series Title: LOT Dissertation Series 180
Published: 2008
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke - LOT

Author: Anna Asbury
Paperback: ISBN: 9789078328544 Pages: 215 Price: Europe EURO 21.50

This dissertation addresses the question of the mapping from syntactic
structures to morphological cases. The central question regards the
relationship between cases and adpositions in those contexts in which they
overlap, and how recognition of this relationship can be integrated into a
consistent treatment of cases. The analysis is couched in terms of the
Principles and Parameters framework (Chomsky 1981, Chomsky 1986, Chomsky
1995), with the mapping between morphology and syntax working along the
lines of Distributed Morphology (Halle and Marantz 1993).
The working hypothesis is that at least some cases and adpositions are
syntactically identical, differing at the post-syntactic morphological
level. The main observation is that several syntactic subdivisions can be
made, both amongst cases (variations in the form of the noun), and amongst
adpositions (separate words adjacent to the noun), relating them to the
categories P, D and φ (a projection for number and person features). At the
same time some cases and some adpositions perform the same functions: the
same set of divisions can be made amongst cases as amongst adpositions.
From a syntactic perspective, case is an epiphenomenon, relating to several
separate nominal categories. In the morphology, case becomes identifiable
as differing from adpositions in many languages, cases forming part of
another word and adpositions standing as separate words, as idenitified on
language-specific diagnostics for wordhood.
Nothing in the Principles and Parameters approach to Case predicts the
overlap between case and adpositions or the range and variability of cases.
The existing possible solutions for such overlap have not been integrated
into the standard approach to case. This dissertation seeks to fill this
gap, proposing an integrated approach. The overlap of cases and adpositions
is explained by their spelling out the same range of categories in syntax,
forming part of the extended projection of the noun, the difference being
derived at the morphological level.
The analyses presented focus largely on Hungarian and Finnish for detailed
argumentation and exemplification of the mapping from syntax to morphology
that results in paradigms of syntactically non-equivalent objects.
The dissertation is of relevance to scholars working on the noun phrase or
the adposition phrase and their extended projections, and particularly
those with an interest in case from a syntactic or morphological perspective.

Linguistic Field(s): Syntax

Subject Language(s): Finnish (fin)
                            Hungarian (hun)

Written In: English (eng )

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Message 2: Negation in Gapping: Repp
Date: 05-Mar-2009
From: Elyse Turr <elyse.turroup.com>
Subject: Negation in Gapping: Repp
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Title: Negation in Gapping
Series Title: Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics
Published: 2009
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Author: Sophie Repp
Hardback: ISBN: 0199543607 9780199543601 Pages: 288 Price: U.S. $ 120.00
Paperback: ISBN: 0199543615 9780199543618 Pages: 288 Price: U.S. $ 45.00

This book presents a cross-linguistic investigation of the behaviour of
negation in gapping sentences. Sophie Repp focusses on German and English
with reference to Dutch, Japanese, Polish, Russian, and Slovak. She shows
that these languages exhibit important differences in the interaction of
gapping and negation and further that no account in the literature explains
why this should be. Dr Repp also argues that the precise interpretation of
an elided negation depends on varying combinations of syntactic, semantic,
pragmatic, and prosodic factors. Illustrating her argument by the
interpretation of the negation in examples such as "Pete hasn't got a video
and John a DVD", "Pete didn't clean the whole flat and John laze around
all afternoon", and "To Mary, Pete didn't say anything and to Sue, only
that he was hungry", Dr Repp questions a basic assumption in the analysis
of gapping: that the meaning of the two conjuncts must be parallel in the
elided material. This leads her to a wide-ranging discussion of the
interpretation of scope and the nature of negation. She then proposes a
syntactic analysis that both takes into account the interaction of the
grammatical interfaces and is at the same time compatible with more general
assumptions of current generative theory. She concludes by considering the
implications of her findings for linguistic theory more generally.

Linguistic Field(s): Linguistic Theories

Written In: English (eng )

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