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LINGUIST List 21.1221

Thu Mar 11 2010

Books: Phonology/Syntax: Richards

Editor for this issue: Fatemeh Abdollahi <fatemehlinguistlist.org>


Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
Directory
        1.    Diane Denner, Uttering Trees: Richards

Message 1: Uttering Trees: Richards
Date: 11-Mar-2010
From: Diane Denner <dennermit.edu>
Subject: Uttering Trees: Richards
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Title: Uttering Trees
Series Title: Linguistic Inquiry Monographs
Published: 2010
Publisher: MIT Press
                http://mitpress.mit.edu/

Book URL: http://mitpress.mit.edu/9780262513715

Author: Norvin Richards
Hardback: ISBN: 0262013762 9780262013765 Pages: 240 Price: U.S. $ 60
Paperback: ISBN: 0262513714 9780262513715 Pages: 240 Price: U.S. $ 30
Abstract:

In Uttering Trees, Norvin Richards investigates the conditions imposed upon
syntax by the need to create syntactic objects that can be interpreted by
phonology--that is, objects that can be pronounced. Drawing extensively on
linguistic data from a variety of languages, including Japanese, Basque,
Tagalog, Spanish, Kinande (Bantu language spoken in the Democratic Republic
of the Congo), and Chaha (Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia), Richards
makes two new proposals about the relationship between syntax and phonology.

The first, "Distinctness," has to do with the process of imposing a linear
order on the constituents of the tree. Richards claims that syntactic nodes
with many properties in common cannot be directly linearized and must be
kept structurally distant from each other. He argues that a variety of
syntactic phenomena can be explained by this generalization, including much
of what has traditionally been covered by case theory. Richards's second
proposal, "Beyond Strength and Weakness," is an attempt to predict, for any
given language, whether that language will exhibit overt or covert
wh-movement. Richards argues that we can predict whether or not a language
can leave wh in situ by investigating more general properties of its
prosody. This proposal offers an explanation for a cross-linguistic
difference—that wh-phrases move overtly in some languages and covertly in
others—that has hitherto been simply stipulated. In both these areas, it
appears that syntax begins constructing a phonological representation
earlier than previously thought; constraints on both word order and prosody
begin at the beginning of the derivation.

Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
                            Syntax

Written In: English (eng )

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http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=46626


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