* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
LINGUIST List logo Eastern Michigan University Wayne State University *
* People & Organizations * Jobs * Calls & Conferences * Publications * Language Resources * Text & Computer Tools * Teaching & Learning * Mailing Lists * Search *
* *
LINGUIST List 21.1351

Fri Mar 19 2010

Diss: Historical Ling: Lucas: 'The Development of Negation in...'

Editor for this issue: Di Wdzenczny <dilinguistlist.org>


To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.cfm.
Directory
        1.    Christopher Lucas, The Development of Negation in Arabic and Afro-Asiatic

Message 1: The Development of Negation in Arabic and Afro-Asiatic
Date: 19-Mar-2010
From: Christopher Lucas <cbl23cam.ac.uk>
Subject: The Development of Negation in Arabic and Afro-Asiatic
E-mail this message to a friend

Institution: University of Cambridge
Program: PhD in Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2009

Author: Christopher Lucas

Dissertation Title: The Development of Negation in Arabic and Afro-Asiatic

Dissertation URL: http://people.pwf.cam.ac.uk/cbl23/research.html

Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics
Language Family(ies): Afroasiatic

Dissertation Director:
David Willis

Dissertation Abstract:

This thesis discusses diachronic developments in the expression of
negation in Arabic and other Afro-Asiatic languages, focussing in
particular on the set of changes known as 'Jespersen's Cycle' -
prototypically the progression from preverbal to bipartite to postverbal
negation - as well as the development of indefinites in the scope of
negation. Drawing together data on negation from a number of
neighbouring varieties of Arabic and Berber, as well as from Coptic and
Modern South Arabian, this thesis defends from a linguistic and
historical point of view the claim that bipartite negation in Arabic was
triggered by contact with Coptic in Egypt, and separately with Modern
South Arabian in Yemen and Oman, and that the same construction in
Berber was in turn triggered by contact with Maghrebi Arabic. In light of
the lack of an existing model of the psychological mechanisms which
enable contact-induced grammatical change, as opposed to the
sociolinguistic factors which constrain it, an account of these
mechanisms is developed, integrating Van Coetsem's (1988, 2000)
work on this topic with research on second language acquisition and
first language attrition, as well as with acquisitionist approaches to
(internal) change in general. This then enables an explicit account of
the spread of bipartite negation in the languages under study. This
account sees the bipartite construction in Arabic as the product of
imposition (source-language agentivity) by native speakers of Coptic
and Modern South Arabian, and its counterpart in Berber as the result
of borrowing (recipient-language agentivity) by native Berber speakers
from their second-language Arabic. The partial and complex
progression from a bipartite to a postverbal negative construction in
Palestinian Arabic is then examined in detail on the basis of original
field data, in a case study of phonological input to syntactic change.
Finally, the scope is widened to investigate a number of Jespersen-
type developments in the Semitic and Cushitic languages of Ethiopia,
as well as the development of n-words and negative indefinites in
Palestinian and Moroccan Arabic, Maltese and Hebrew, where it is
argued that, contrary to initial impressions, only the latter two have
developed into bona fide negative concord languages.



This Year the LINGUIST List hopes to raise $65,000. This money will go to help 
keep the List running by supporting all of our Student Editors for the coming year.

See below for donation instructions, and don't forget to check out our Space Fund 
Drive 2010 and join us for a great journey!

http://linguistlist.org/fund-drive/2010/

There are many ways to donate to LINGUIST!

You can donate right now using our secure credit card form at  
https://linguistlist.org/donation/donate/donate1.cfm

Alternatively you can also pledge right now and pay later. To do so, go to: 
https://linguistlist.org/donation/pledge/pledge1.cfm

For all information on donating and pledging, including information on how to 
donate by check, money order, or wire transfer, please visit: 
http://linguistlist.org/donation/

The LINGUIST List is under the umbrella of Eastern Michigan University and as 
such can receive donations through the EMU Foundation, which is a registered 
501(c) Non Profit organization. Our Federal Tax number is 38-6005986. These 
donations can be offset against your federal and sometimes your state tax return 
(U.S. tax payers only). For more information visit the IRS Web-Site, or contact 
your financial advisor.

Many companies also offer a gift matching program, such that they will match 
any gift you make to a non-profit organization. Normally this entails your 
contacting your human resources department and sending us a form that the 
EMU Foundation fills in and returns to your employer. This is generally a simple 
administrative procedure that doubles the value of your gift to LINGUIST, without 
costing you an extra penny. Please take a moment to check if your company 
operates such a program.

Thank you very much for your support of LINGUIST!


Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue




Please report any bad links or misclassified data

LINGUIST Homepage | Read LINGUIST | Contact us

NSF Logo

While the LINGUIST List makes every effort to ensure the linguistic relevance of sites listed
on its pages, it cannot vouch for their contents.