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LINGUIST List 21.2289

Thu May 20 2010

Diss: Phonetics/Phonology: Henriksen: 'Question Intonation in ...'

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        1.    Nicholas Henriksen, Question Intonation in Manchego Peninsular Spanish

Message 1: Question Intonation in Manchego Peninsular Spanish
Date: 18-May-2010
From: Nicholas Henriksen <nhenriksindiana.edu>
Subject: Question Intonation in Manchego Peninsular Spanish
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Institution: Indiana University
Program: Hispanic Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2010

Author: Nicholas C Henriksen

Dissertation Title: Question Intonation in Manchego Peninsular Spanish

Dissertation URL: https://www.slashtmp.iu.edu/public/download.php?FILE=nhenriks/27081DocmY3

Linguistic Field(s): Phonetics

Subject Language(s): Spanish (spa)

Dissertation Director:
Erik W Willis
Daniel A Dinnsen

Dissertation Abstract:

The primary goal of this dissertation is to provide an account of the
prosodic cues used to signal questions in Manchego Peninsular Spanish, a
dialect spoken in the south-central region of mainland Spain.
Specifically, this dissertation is an experimental analysis of the
intonation of declarative questions, wh-questions, and declarative
statements produced by 16 speakers of this dialect of Spanish and aims to
account for surface fundamental frequency (F0) variability by adhering to
principles in stylistic variation and autosegmental prosodic structure. It
also works within the framework of empirical research on how the question
vs. statement contrast is conveyed cross-linguistically and responds to
issues in the syntax-prosody interface underlying question signaling
generally. The dissertation is motivated by three broad research goals. The
first goal is to investigate whether task-based phonetic and/or
phonological differences are observed for the set of declarative question
and wh-question F0 contours attested and whether stylistic implications can
be inferred based on the speech style in which a particular contour is
uttered. The second goal is to provide a phonological analysis of the F0
gestures of which each question contour is comprised. Working within the
autosegmental-metrical framework of intonational phonology, a tonal
analysis is provided for utterance-initial peaks in wh-questions and
utterance-final rises and falls in declarative questions and wh-questions
respectively. The final goal is to determine how each of the contours
attested for declarative questions and wh-questions reflects the set of
phonetic-acoustic properties known to communicate questions universally.
To do this, we compare the acoustic correlates of each question contour
with those of declarative statements. The findings provide strong evidence
that question intonation is a feature of speech communication with surface
forms that are largely susceptible to variability at the phonetic,
phonological, sociolinguistic, dialectal, and even individual levels.

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