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LINGUIST List 21.3535

Sun Sep 05 2010

Disc: Re: Etymology of 'Urdu'

Editor for this issue: Elyssa Winzeler <elyssalinguistlist.org>

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        1.    Nicholas Kontovas, Re: Etymology of 'Urdu'

Message 1: Re: Etymology of 'Urdu'
Date: 03-Sep-2010
From: Nicholas Kontovas <kontovasgmail.com>
Subject: Re: Etymology of 'Urdu'
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Syed-Mohsin Naquvi wrote:

'The word Urdu itself is a word from the Turkish language akin to the
English word Horde. However, the word Urdu which means an army, in
Turkish,is actually spelled Ordu in modern Turkish with an umlaut on the
initial O. I am trying to ascertain as to how and when this vowel-shift has
taken place. '

Actually, the word in Turkish is just 'ordu' -- no umlaut on the 'o'.

As for how the sound changed from Turkish 'o' to Urdu 'u', I'm not too sure.
The Ottoman script version of this word ('elif-re-del-vav') would similarly
be read in (Iranian) Farsi 'ordu', which would normally correspond to Tajiki
and Urdu 'urduu' ('uu' = long 'u'). Not sure what that means, but it's a start.

Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics

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