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LINGUIST List 21.4248

Tue Oct 26 2010

Disc: Morphemes in Polysynthetic Languages

Editor for this issue: Elyssa Winzeler <elyssalinguistlist.org>

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        1.     Kela Ruuskanen , Morphemes in Polysynthetic Languages

Message 1: Morphemes in Polysynthetic Languages
Date: 20-Oct-2010
From: Kela Ruuskanen <kelakolumbus.fi>
Subject: Morphemes in Polysynthetic Languages
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In a polysynthetic language, can a morpheme have a meaning in and of itself
without being used in an utterance? Can you please provide an example of
such a morpheme, and the name of the language? I have been told that such a
morpheme does not exist, that an 'utterance' in a polysynthetic language
must consist of a complete sentence. Is this the case?

This leads to a further question: how can you have morpheme to morpheme
translating dictionaries for a polysynthetic language, if no morpheme has
meaning alone? Are translating 'glosses' of phrases the only reference
possible for translators?

Thanks very much for your input.


Linguistic Field(s): Morphology

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