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LINGUIST List 21.768

Sat Feb 13 2010

Books: Comp Linguistics/History of Linguistics: Masterman, Wilks (Ed)

Editor for this issue: Fatemeh Abdollahi <fatemehlinguistlist.org>


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        1.    Daniel Davies, Language, Cohesion and Form: Masterman, Wilks (Ed)

Message 1: Language, Cohesion and Form: Masterman, Wilks (Ed)
Date: 11-Feb-2010
From: Daniel Davies <ddaviescambridge.org>
Subject: Language, Cohesion and Form: Masterman, Wilks (Ed)
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Title: Language, Cohesion and Form
Published: 2010
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
                http://us.cambridge.org

Author: Margaret Masterman
Editor: Yorick Wilks
Paperback: ISBN: 9780521129633 Pages: Price: U.K. £ 22.99
Paperback: ISBN: 9780521129633 Pages: Price: U.S. $ 39.99
Abstract:

Note: This is a new edition of a previously announced book.

Margaret Masterman was a pioneer in the field of computational linguistics.
Working in the earliest days of language processing by computer, she
believed that meaning, not grammar, was the key to understanding languages,
and that machines could determine the meaning of sentences. She was able,
even on simple machines, to undertake sophisticated experiments in machine
translation, and carried out important work on the use of semantic codings
and thesauri to determine the meaning structure of texts. This volume
brings together Masterman's groundbreaking papers for the first time.
Through his insightful commentaries, Yorick Wilks argues that Masterman
came close to developing a computational theory of language meaning based
on the ideas of Wittgenstein, and shows the importance of her work in the
philosophy of science and the nature of iconic languages. Of key interest
in computational linguistics and artificial intelligence, it will remind
scholars of Masterman's significant contribution to the field.

Introduction;

Part I. Basic Forms for Language Structure:
1. Words;
2. Fans and heads;
3. Classification, concept-formation and language;

Part II. The Thesaurus as a Tool for Machine Translation:
4. The potentialities of a mechanical thesaurus;
5. What is a thesaurus?;

Part III. Experiments in Machine Translation:
6. 'Agricola in curvo terram dimovit aratro';
7. Mechanical pidgin translation;
8. Translation;

Part IV. Phrasings, Breath Groups and Text Processing:
9. Commentary on the guberina hypothesis;
10. Semantic algorithms;

Part V. Metaphor, Analogy and the Philosophy of Science:
11. Braithwaite and Kuhn: analogy-clusters within and without
hypothetico-deductive systems in science;

Bibliography of the scientific works of Margaret Masterman; Other references.


Linguistic Field(s): Computational Linguistics
                            History of Linguistics
                            Philosophy of Language

Written In: English (eng )

See this book announcement on our website:
http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=46149


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