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LINGUIST List 21.974

Fri Feb 26 2010

Books: Semantics: Hogeweg

Editor for this issue: Fatemeh Abdollahi <fatemehlinguistlist.org>


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        1.    MariĆ«tte Bonenkamp, Word in Process: Hogeweg

Message 1: Word in Process: Hogeweg
Date: 24-Feb-2010
From: Mariƫtte Bonenkamp <lotuu.nl>
Subject: Word in Process: Hogeweg
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Title: Word in Process
Subtitle: On the interpretation, acquisition, and production of words
Series Title: LOT dissertation series 219
Published: 2009
Publisher: Netherlands Graduate School of Linguistics / Landelijke - LOT
                http://www.lotpublications.nl/

Author: Lotte Hogeweg
Paperback: ISBN: 9789460930140 Pages: Price: ----
Abstract:

This dissertation deals with the relation between words and meanings. Word
meanings are flexible. The same word may have different interpretations,
dependent on the context in which it occurs. In this thesis, it is argued
that a meaning is not a static property of a word but that it is the input
to the process of the production of a word or it is the result of the
process of interpretation.

Furthermore, it is argued that these are processes of optimization. The
output of the process is the candidate that best satisfies a set of ranked
constraints. It is assumed that a word is linked to a set of semantic
features. In interpretation, the meaning of a word is determined based on
this set of features and the particular context in which the word occurs.
Two Optimality Theoretic constraints play a role in the process of
interpretation: STRENGTH and FIT. Furthermore, it is argued that the same
constraints play a role in the acquisition of word meaning. However, the
way the constraints interact gradually changes during this process. In the
production of words, the speaker starts with an intention to express
something. The candidate forms are compared with respect to how much of the
meaning of the intention they convey. For speakers, however, not only the
amount of overlapping features determines the optimal candidate. Markedness
constraints cause the avoidance of complexity, sometimes at the expense of
faithfulness to the input. In conclusion, this study offers a comprehensive
view on the relation between form and meaning and an account for the
flexibility of words in context.

Linguistic Field(s): Semantics

Written In: English (eng )

See this book announcement on our website:
http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=46370


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