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LINGUIST List 22.1059

Thu Mar 03 2011

Qs: Preposition Stranding in Right Node Raising

Editor for this issue: Danielle St. Jean <daniellelinguistlist.org>


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        1.     Lena Ibnbari , Preposition Stranding in Right Node Raising

Message 1: Preposition Stranding in Right Node Raising
Date: 03-Mar-2011
From: Lena Ibnbari <ibnbaribgu.ac.il>
Subject: Preposition Stranding in Right Node Raising
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English allows Preposition stranding (P-stranding) in Right Node
Raising (RNR):

(a) Girls arrived with, and/but boys arrived without a textbook.
(b) John left before, and/but Mary left after the chairman's speech.
(c) The cat sat on, and the dog lied under the bed.

Russian also allows such sentences:
(d) Petja zabolel  do _,   a   Maša   zabolela posle  èkzamena.
     Peter fell-ill    before but Masha fell-ill     after   the-exam

The preposition can be present in the second conjunct only:
(e) Mary ignored, but John spoke to the boss.
(f) Petja prosto ne   zametil _, a    Olja   tak   narošno      ne
    Peter just    neg. noticed     but Olya part. intentionally neg.

    obratila vnimanija na razbitoje  okno.
    paid     attention   on broken    window
'Peter just didn't notice, but Olya intentionally didn't pay attention to the
broken window.'

If the single preposition is stranded in the first conjunct, however, the
result is still good in English but bad in Russian:
(g) John spoke to, but Mary ignored the boss.
(h) *Olja narošno       ne   obratila  vnimanija na _ ,
     Olya intentionally neg. paid      attention  on

     a     Petja prosto ne    uvidel razbitoje  okno.
     and Peter just     neg. saw    broken     window
Intended: 'Olya intentionally didn't pay attention to, and Peter just didn't
see a broken window.'

I'm interested to learn how other languages behave in these
environments. Do you speak an English-type language in which all of
these examples are good? A Russian-type language in which (a-f) are
good but (g)-(h) are bad? A different type of language?

I'm especially curious about the data in Scandinavian languages, but
also Romance languages. I'll be grateful for any relevant data or
comments.

Looking forward,
Lena Ibnbari.

Linguistic Field(s): Syntax

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