From: Patrícia França <patriciacunhafrancagmail.com>
Subject: Ontologia e ontologias: Contributos teóricos para uma perspectiva transdisciplinar
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Institution: Universidade do Minho
Program: Ciências da Linguagem (Especialização em Novas Tecnologias da Informação)
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2009
Author: Patrícia Cunha França
Dissertation Title: Ontologia e ontologias: Contributos teóricos para uma perspectiva transdisciplinar
Dissertation URL: http://repositorium.sdum.uminho.pt/handle/1822/10713
Subject Language(s): Portuguese (por)
Álvaro Iriarte Sanromán
Ontologies, thought since antiquity within Philosophy, have gained
importance in the context of Computer Sciences, especially with the advent
of the Semantic Web. But it is not only in the context of Computer Science
that the ontologies have been gaining adherents. They have been developing
rapidly in other scientific fields, including Geography, Law, Linguistics
and, particularly, Biomedicine. Building a common framework from which we
could describe the reality, without inconsistencies or discrepancies has
been the purpose of various personalities in history, set in several areas
of research, since the ontology of Aristotle, through the educational
schemes of Lorhard and the onomasiological dictionaries provided by Roget,
Hallig and Wartburg, until we reach the computerized ontologies. Some of
these works are examined in this work. Gathered here are concepts and
terminology of the three basic disciplines for the construction of
computerized ontologies: Philosophy, Computer Science and Linguistics.
This work also raises important questions about the theoretical foundations
of formal ontology. It aims to clarify some of the concepts that are
considered the building blocks of ontology: instances, classes and their
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