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LINGUIST List 22.2807

Fri Jul 08 2011

Qs: Are there any languages without compound words?

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        1.     Emiliano Guevara , Are there any languages without compound words?

Message 1: Are there any languages without compound words?
Date: 07-Jul-2011
From: Emiliano Guevara <emiguevaragmail.com>
Subject: Are there any languages without compound words?
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Dear Linguist List,

My question is a very simple one, though I still have not been able to
find a clear answer to it.

Are there any languages without compound words or without any
productive compounding processes?

A bit of background on the problem: research in typology and linguistic
universals has dedicated little if any attention to compounding. It seems
that the commonplace is to assume that compounding is really
pervasive in the world's languages, although a great deal of variation in
preferred structural types and relative productivity. The extent of this
variation is enormous, as I have been able to prove in previous
exploratory research (Guevara and Scalise 2009, URL:
http://books.google.com/books?
id=c8E1gVrnQZkC&lpg=PR13&ots=TAYppZLQ1O&dq=SEARCHING%2
0FOR%20UNIVERSALS%20IN%20COMPOUNDING&lr&pg=PA101#v=
onepage&q&f=false).

One interesting quote by Greenberg might still subsume what we know
today:
There are a considerable number of languages without inflections,
perhaps none without compounding and derivation. (J. Greenberg
1963: 92)

Thank you very much in advance,

E.G.

University of Oslo

Linguistic Field(s): Morphology
                            Typology


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