LINGUIST List 22.293|
Mon Jan 17 2011
Qs: Polyfunctionality with Discourse/Modal Particles
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1. Sonja Thoma ,
Polyfunctionality with Discourse/Modal Particles
Message 1: Polyfunctionality with Discourse/Modal Particles
From: Sonja Thoma <sonja.thomagmail.com>
Subject: Polyfunctionality with Discourse/Modal Particles
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I am looking for languages that have discourse/modal particles like
German and Dutch. Specifically I am looking for languages where a
discourse particle can be used in another context (e.g. as focus
particle, adverb, adjective, etc). For German (and Dutch), the non-
discourse particle generally has lexical meaning, whereas that lexical
meaning seems less obvious, bleached or shifted in the discourse
particle (generally this is thought to be due to grammaticalization).
Examples from German would be:
Du bist vielleicht groß! (exclamative)
you are PRT big
'You are tall!' (surprise)
Er ist vielleicht krank. (declarative)
he is maybe sick
'Maybe he is sick'
Mach BLOß das Fenster auf! (emphatic)
make PRT det window open
'Open the window'
Ich mache bloß das Fenster auf.
I make only det window open
'I open only the window.'
So far I haven't been able to find other languages where a similar
polyfunctionality with discourse particles exist. I would be grateful for
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