LINGUIST List 22.3059|
Sat Jul 30 2011
Diss: Phonology/Syntax: Forza: 'Regarding Reduplication and ...'
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1. Francesca Forza ,
Regarding Reduplication and Repetition: A separate treatment in a unified approach
Message 1: Regarding Reduplication and Repetition: A separate treatment in a unified approach
From: Francesca Forza <francesca.forzaunivr.it>
Subject: Regarding Reduplication and Repetition: A separate treatment in a unified approach
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Institution: University of Verona
Program: PhD in Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2011
Author: Francesca Forza
Dissertation Title: Regarding Reduplication and Repetition: A separate
treatment in a unified approach
Linguistic Field(s): Phonology
The main goal of the dissertation is showing that there are three different
kinds of iterative phenomena in languages: phoneme reduplication, not analyzed
here, reduplication and repetition. The phenomena differ on the basis of the
grammatical components involved and therefore have very different effects. The
first phenomenon I term phoneme reduplication:
1. Italian: ciao ciao 'bye bye'
It is the mere repetition of phonemes, where no morphological operation
takes place but, also, basically no meaning is added. But the main target of
this work lies in the difference between the other two phenomena: reduplication
(2) and repetition (3).
2. Japanese: hore 'fall in love' hore-bore 'fondly'
3. Italian: bello bello 'nice nice'
My work argues that reduplication is first and foremost a formal phenomenon. It
can involve several kinds of meaning, some of which are of very iconic origin,
but all the meanings get encoded grammatically. Then, phrases can be iterated as
well, and they are candidates for repetition. I take repetition to have an
exclusively iconic function, basically with a single meaning: emphasis. No
formal aspects are involved here. I insert the preceding generalization in the
wider framework of the Parallel Architecture (Jackendoff 1997, 2002 and ff.).
Phoneme reduplication is a merely phonological operation, confined to the
phonological structure rule component and with no interface rule having any role
whatsoever. Reduplication proper is a morphological phenomenon that takes place
as an actual derivation, as a syntactic structure rule. A syntactic
structure-phonological structure interface rule takes care of the phonological
operations that are present in most cases, e.g. linking markers, but also more
unexpected phonological facts. Full and partial reduplication are differentiated
at this point. The semantic structure rules, alternatively called conceptual
structure rules, will be devoted to the rendering of the meaning of the
derivation itself. Fundamentally, all the meanings are grammatically encoded.
Instead, repetition is the result of a phonological structure- semantic
structure interface rule, with an inactive syntactic side. Repetition does not
affect the conceptual structure because of a process going on in the syntactic
component: the conceptual structures are the very trigger. Empirically, the two
formations show different behavior. Phonologically, in reduplicative processes,
stress or tone are re-analyzed; in repetition this does not happen. The same
holds for the possibility of insertion of epenthetic material between the two
iterating units and the application of readjustment rules. Morpho-syntactically
and semantically, the possibility of inserting linking elements, to begin with,
is available in reduplication and ruled out in repetition. Additionally, there
is internal inflection: in reduplication nouns are not found in the plural form,
for example, and verbs are not inflected, while such processes are allowed in
repetition. Then, reduplication can undergo constraints of morpho-syntactic
nature, and it can show limited productivity; repetition does not. Finally,
cases of semantic drift and idiosyncratic phenomena are found in reduplication
and not in repetition. It has to be remarked that the patterns attested in
spoken languages are also found in Sign Languages, suggesting a universal
character of the generalization.
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