Books: Lang Documentation/Australian Languages: Dixon (Ed), Eather
Editor for this issue: Danniella Hornby
New! Visit LL's Multitree project for over 1000 trees dynamically generated from scholarly hypotheses about language relationships: http://multitree.linguistlist.org/
Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.
Date: 23-Oct-2011 From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de> Subject: A grammar of Nakkara (Central Arnhem Land coast): Dixon (Ed), Eather E-mail this message to a friend
Title: A grammar of Nakkara (Central Arnhem Land coast)
Series Title: Outstanding grammars from Australia 07
Publisher: Lincom GmbH
Author: Bronwyn Eather
Editor: RMW Dixon
Paperback: ISBN: 9783862881536 Pages: 504 Price: Europe EURO 78.00
Nakkara (now spelt Na-Kara) is a prefixing language of the non-Pama Nyungan variety spoken in and around the community of Maningrida in the Northern Territory of Australia. Like many coastal communities, the Na-Kara tribal area and language group seem always to have been quite small and Na- Kara is now a highly endangered language.
Moderately polysynthetic, Na-Kara has a number of characteristic structural features that place it with other central and western Arnhem groupings. The phonology is relatively straightforward with five vowels; a series of short and long stop consonants; retroflex and alveolar pairs, a lamino-palatal distinction and a full set of nasal sounds.
The morphology is rich and intricate springing from a pronoun system that distinguishes masculine and feminine gender across several number and person categories where an inclusive/exclusive distinction adds to the mix. Verbs carry these often complex pronominal prefixes as well as additional affixes for direction, realis/irrealis, tense and transitivity. Aspect is expressed by complex verbal predicates. Nouns are relatively unencumbered with affixes but share some of the load for locational specification. Demonstrative/deictic forms carry a quasi pronominal load often with three- way locational and referential distinctions.
With a fairly modest lexicon, many forms in Na-Kara are idiomatic and descriptive, relying on compounding for semantic extension.