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LINGUIST List 22.830

Sat Feb 19 2011

Diss: Text/corpus Ling: Isambert: 'Discours et grammaticalisation ...'

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        1.     Paul Isambert , Discours et grammaticalisation: Étude de l'adverbe 'autrement'/Discourse and Grammaticalization: A study of the adverb 'autrement'

Message 1: Discours et grammaticalisation: Étude de l'adverbe 'autrement'/Discourse and Grammaticalization: A study of the adverb 'autrement'
Date: 19-Feb-2011
From: Paul Isambert <zappathustrafree.fr>
Subject: Discours et grammaticalisation: Étude de l'adverbe 'autrement'/Discourse and Grammaticalization: A study of the adverb 'autrement'
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Institution: Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle - Paris III
Program: Sciences du langage
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2010

Author: Paul Isambert

Dissertation Title: Discours et grammaticalisation: Étude de l'adverbe 'autrement' / Discourse and Grammaticalization: A study of the adverb 'autrement'

Linguistic Field(s): Text/Corpus Linguistics

Subject Language(s): French (fra)

Dissertation Director:
Michel Charolles

Dissertation Abstract:

This dissertation studies the French adverb 'autrement', through its three
main uses: adverb of manner, connective denoting negative hypothesis, and
topic shifter. The importance of anaphora resolution and discourse
structure is stressed. After a review of the literature on discourse
structure and on the adverb, the characteristics of the three uses are
defined thanks to spoken and written corpora, showing how context is
instrumental in retrieving the antecedent and how the adverb relies on
discourse and builds it at the same time. Already in the adverb of manner,
anaphor and right scope are crucial in the construction of meaning. With
the connective, referential relations leave room for logical relations
holding from proposition to proposition, whereas the topic shifter is a
metalinguistic use handling abstract discourse entities.
A core of meaning (anaphor and negation) is identified, common to the three
uses and accounting for bridges between them. This synchronic study is then
used to reconstruct the adverb's grammaticalization, detailed observation
in the present counterbalancing sparse historical data. It is shown that
the notion of a construction, i.e. the use of the adverb in some context,
has made evolution possible: in particular, word order in Old French was
crucial, allowing the adverb of manner to occupy the initial position where
reanalysis could occur; the use of conjunctions also favored the emergence
of some of the adverb's meanings.

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