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LINGUIST List 23.1129

Tue Mar 06 2012

Diss: Applied Ling: Juliao da Silva: 'Análise e exploração de marcadores discursivos no ensino de Português-Língua Estrangeira (PLE) no Brasil'

Editor for this issue: Xiyan Wang <xiyanlinguistlist.org>

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Date: 02-Mar-2012
From: Sergio Juliao da Silva <sdjuliaogmail.com>
Subject: Análise e exploração de marcadores discursivos no ensino de Português-Língua Estrangeira (PLE) no Brasil
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Institution: Universidade de São Paulo
Program: Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2010

Author: Sergio Duarte Juliao da Silva

Dissertation Title: Análise e exploração de marcadores discursivos no ensino de
Português-Língua Estrangeira (PLE) no Brasil

Linguistic Field(s): Applied Linguistics
Discipline of Linguistics
Language Acquisition

Subject Language(s): Portuguese (por)

Dissertation Director(s):
Reginaldo Pinto Carvalho
Rosane de Sá Amado
José Gaston Hilgert
Paulo de Tarso Galembeck
Beatriz Daruj Gil

Dissertation Abstract:

A great deal of our sense of social order stems from conversation, which in
turn has its own order and works according to its own rules of structure.
As they interact through conversation, people resort to regular procedures
to produce explicit marks of discourse planning along with strategies for
managing turn-taking, established relationships and oral interaction
itself. Therefore, language should not be considered merely as a
communication code, but rather a means through which subjects can play an
active role while manifesting their ideas about the real world and their
own inner world, and expressing their social roles and personality within a
given framework. These subjects also engage in metalinguistic mechanisms to
create cohesion and coherence relationships as oral language refers to
itself in discourse. Discourse markers play a fundamental role in this
process because they enable subjects to act and manifest their own selves
while producing utterances.

However, a close look at the materials currently used for teaching
Portuguese as a Foreign Language (PFL) will show that the conversation
instances to which PFL students are exposed seldom use these elements and
processes so typical of oral interaction. As opposed to other foreign
language materials such as English, Spanish and French, PFL materials tend
to insist on forms that reflect educated written Portuguese syntax. As a
result, PFL material fail to provide foreigners with useful tools to
interact with Portuguese speakers in real conversation.
This paper highlights the importance of exploring conversation in foreign
language teaching on the basis of Conversation Analysis theories. It also
suggests four levels in which discourse markers can be explored in order to
enable PFL students to build up effective communicative and sociocultural
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